Analysis of the main design and operating parameters of the device for the fermentation of bird droppings

Keywords: poultry farm, utilization of poultry droppings, biofermentation, fertilizer, regime parameters, fermentation

Abstract

The study on the utilization of poultry droppings put forward the need for the constructive and technological improvement of the biofermentation device. A drum-type bioreactor better meets the requirements for the technological process of eco-friendly biologically active fertilizer production from livestock and poultry wastes. However, the great size of the heat transfer surface of the bioreactor drum and its significant ejection momentum during spinning require quite a lot of energy. To decrease this consumption, the main constructive parameters should be optimized. The main reason is the sharp increase in prices for mineral fertilizers, the weak economic condition of most farms, the lack of advanced processing technologies and the use of organic fertilizers.

Our aim in these studies was to analyze the types of design and operating parameters of the device for the fermentation of bird droppings. To this end, we conducted a study on the disposal of bird droppings, and also put forward the need for constructive and technological improvement of the biofermentation device. One of such ways to solve the problem was a drum-type bioreactor, which, according to our research indicators, better meets the requirements for the technological process of producing environmentally friendly biologically active fertilizers from animal husbandry and poultry waste, however, the size of this equipment of the heat transfer surface of the bioreactor drum and its significant emission pulse during rotation require a rather large waste of energy. To reduce this consumption, it is necessary to optimize the basic design parameters.

Devices that work continuously were recognized as the most promising. They fully meet the technological and operational requirements

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Rovshan Hajiyev, University of Technology of Azerbaijan (UTECA)

Department of Automation and information technology

Rasim Saidov, Azerbaijan State Economic University (UNEC)

Department of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Gabil Mammadov, Azerbaijan State Agrarian University

Department of Agricultural machinery

Urfan Taghiyev, Azerbaijan State Agrarian University

Department of Agricultural machinery

Gahira Allahverdiyeva, Azerbaijan State Agrarian University

Department of Agricultural machinery

References

Pererabotka ptichego pometa: kakie sposoby sushchestvuiut, i mozhno li na etom sdelat biznes? Available at: https://rcycle.net/navoz/pererabotka-ptichego-pometa

Utilizatciia ptichego pometa s ispolzovaniem uskoritelia fermentatcii gribkovogo proiskhozhdeniia (2005). Available at: https://www.waste.ru/modules/section/item.php?itemid=152

Marchenko, V., Sorokin, A., Sidelnikov, D., Panasenko, A. (2017). Investigation in process of fermentation medium mixing in bioreactor. Engineering for rural development, 800–860. doi: http://doi.org/10.22616/erdev2017.16.n174

Okewale, A. O., Adesina, O. A. (2019). Evaluation of biogas production from co-digestion of pig dung, water hyacinth and poultry droppings. Waste Disposal & Sustainable Energy, 1 (4), 271–277. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/s42768-019-00018-8

Rakhi, N. N., Abdullah-Al-Jubayer; Mahajan, S., Varma, A. (Eds.) (2022). Animal Manure for Soil Fertility. Animal Manure. Soil Biology, Vol 64. Cham: Springer, 159–184. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-97291-2_9

Adeyemo, A. J., Akingbola, O. O., Ojeniyi, S. O. (2019). Effects of poultry manure on soil infiltration, organic matter contents and maize performance on two contrasting degraded alfisols in southwestern Nigeria. International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture, 8 (1), 73–80. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/s40093-019-0273-7

Poultry droppings can develop enough gas to run a farm (2019). Available at: https://www.poultrybazaar.net/blog/poultry-droppings-can-develop-enough-gas-to-run-a-farm/

Sekar, S., Karthikeyan, S., Iyappan, P. (2010). Trends in patenting and commercial utilisation of poultry farm excreta. World’s Poultry Science Journal, 66 (3), 533–572. doi: http://doi.org/10.1017/s0043933910000607

Gohil, A., Budholiya, S., Mohan, C. G., Prakash, R. (2021). Utilization of poultry waste as a source of biogas production. Materials Today: Proceedings, 45 (2), 783–787. doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.02.807

Seidavi, A., Zaker-Esteghamati, H., Scanes, C. (2019). Present and potential impacts of waste from poultry production on the environment. World's Poultry Science Journal, 75 (1), 29–42. doi: http://doi.org/10.1017/s0043933918000922

Ling Yuk, C. (2003). Patent No. 6,596,272 U.S. Biological fertilizer compositions comprising poultry manure. Available at: https://patents.google.com/patent/US6596273B2/en

Scheme for the determination of the rejection momentum

👁 68
⬇ 81
Published
2022-09-30
How to Cite
Hajiyev, R., Saidov, R., Mammadov, G., Taghiyev, U., & Allahverdiyeva, G. (2022). Analysis of the main design and operating parameters of the device for the fermentation of bird droppings. EUREKA: Physics and Engineering, (5), 107-122. https://doi.org/10.21303/2461-4262.2022.002306
Section
Engineering