A comparison study of the behaviors of single-phase turbulent flow at low to moderate Reynolds numbers through a vertical pipe: 3D counters analysis
The study presented three-dimensional (3D) analysis of water's upward flowing through the vertical pipe under turbulent characteristic considerations. Both numerical constructed and improved the model of 3D for cylindrical coordinates of governing equations for incompressible turbulent flow with the Reynolds Average Navier-Stokes (RANS) model using the improved constants of the (k–ε) type. The present model is then compared with a previous study to give the feasibility of the present single-phase turbulent flow parameters. The pipe length is tested to measure how much it affected the turbulent parameters though one of the expected factors is the turbulent time scale. On the other hand, the model is numerically examined to determine the velocity profile, shear rate, and surface deformation of the water domain. While the pressure distribution, turbulent kinetic energy, and turbulent dissipation rate, these parameters are classified as the mechanic's system factors. The simulation is done with wide software used to simulate industrial is COMSOL 5.4 Multiphysics software. The results obtained increased the velocity of three inlet water velocities used ranging from (0.087, 0.105, and 0.123 m/sec) of upward flow. High fluctuation in the water flow moves along the entire pipe length and it can notice the sensitivity to any change in water properties or mechanical properties. The liquid upward flow in turbulent conditions is suffered from many characteristics such them related to liquid properties and others related to the mechanics of the application through the systems. The interaction between the fluid film (fluid boarded the pipe inner diameter) has been observed by the shear rate and liquid surface deformation
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