THE PROPAGATION OF THE TEMPERATURE WAVE IN MYOCARDIUM
The method for estimating the rate of propagation of temperature waves in the myocardium during hypothermia and hyperthermia of the heart based on noninvasive temperature control on the heart surface in conditions of cardiopulmonary bypass is proposed. The solution of the heat conduction equation for temperature waves in the myocardium is presented, which allows determining at each point of the medium the temperature change function, as well as the amplitude and phasing velocity of the temperature wave upon cooling and warming of the heart in conditions of cardiopulmonary bypass. The velocity distribution for the temperature field on the surface of the myocardium and in the depth of tissues during the hypothermia and hyperthermia of the heart is obtained.
The thermographic images of the heart during controlled hypothermia and hyperthermia of the heart under cardiopulmonary bypass are obtained. The study of the conditions for spreading the temperature wave in the myocardium is performed, which allows to improve the means of intraoperative protection of vital organs and tools for controlling its effectiveness. The results of introduction of methods of non-invasive temperature control in cardiac surgery and the process of intraoperative cardiac protection in the temperature range from +10°С to +38°С are presented.
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