AN EFFECT OF PIB ADDITIVES TO MINERAL OIL RESULTING IN ELIMINATION OF FILM BOILING DURING STEEL PARTS QUENCHING
To control the process of film boiling during quenching in oils, quench oil makers as a rule manipulate physical properties such as a surface tension and viscosity. However, there is much experimental data showing that special additives can eliminate film boiling in oils without changing their physical properties and which is counterintuitive. Authors explain such phenomenon by showing that the addition of a special additive, for example PIB (polyisobutylene polymer), will create an insulating layer on the surface of steel parts during quenching in oils that will eliminate film boiling without affecting physical properties of the oil. Insulating layer decreases initial heat flux density which becomes less than critical one and of the oil will not begin film boiling during quenching with the PIB additive. Authors believe that such approach will allow engineers to solve effectively the problem of part distortion after quenching. The new oil quenchant containing special additive PIB is patented in Ukraine and is manufactured by Barkor Ltd for needs of the heat treating industry.
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