METHODS FOR FUZZY DEMAND ASSESSMENT FOR IT SPECIALTIES
The rapid development of information technologies and their penetration into various spheres of human activity cause a sharply increased demand for IT specialists, in many countries of the world far exceeding the supply on them. High rates of technological transformation contribute to the diversification of the IT segment of the labor market, on the one hand, stimulate the disappearance of some and the emergence of new IT specialties, on the other. This creates a discrepancy between the structure of IT-related education and the labor market demand for IT specialists of the required profile and determines the relevance of developing methods for assessing the demand for IT specialties.
This article is devoted to the study and solution of the problem of identifying the demand for IT specialties in the absence of accurate and complete information about the situation in the IT market segment. For the assessment of IT specialties and their ranking by the degree of demand in the labor market, the tasks of making individual and group decisions in the context of fuzzy initial information are formulated and solved. The methodological basis of the tasks posed is multi-criteria decision support methods based on fuzzy relations of expert preferences.
The proposed approach as a mathematical tool for minimizing the structural imbalance of supply and demand for IT specialties is one of the components of the system of intellectual management of the labor market of IT specialists. The latter is designed to support the adoption of scientifically based management decisions to eliminate the mismatch of supply and demand in the IT segment of the labor market in professional, quantitative and qualitative sections.
Eurostat regional yearbook (2018). doi: http://doi.org/10.2785/231975
Pilot project monitors online vacancies for ICT specialists in real-time (2018). Available at: https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/news/pilot-project-monitors-online-vacancies-ict-specialists-real-time
European Jobs Monitor (2018). Available at: https://www.eurofound.europa.eu/data/european-jobs-monitor
Ticol, D. (2012). Labour supply/demand dynamics of Canada’s information and communications technology (ICT) sector. Final Report /Nordicity, 30.
Wennergren, D. M. (2007). Forecast of Future IT Labor Supply and Demand. U.S. Available: https://dodcio.defense.gov/Home/Initiatives/NetGenerationGuide/ForecastofFutureLaborSupplyandDemand/
Avram, A. (2014). IDC Study: How Many Software Developers Are Out There? Available at: https://infoq.com/news/2014/01/IDC-software-developers
Defitsit IT-spetsialistov v 2015 godu sostavit 170 tysyach chelovek. UNIAN. Available at: https://www.unian.net/society/871034-defitsit-it-spetsialistov-v-2015-godu-sostavit-170-tyis-chelovek-gosinformnauki.html
IT-kadry 2010. Chislennost' zanyatyh v rossiyskoy ekonomike 2009 g. i prognoz potrebnosti na 2010–2015 gg. Available at: https://apkit.ru/files/personal2009_final.pdf
Mammadova, M., Mammadzadeh, F., Jabrayilova, Z. (2016). Supply and demand in it-segment of Azerbaijan labor market. Problems of Information Technology, 07 (2), 91–106. doi: https://doi.org/10.25045/jpit.v07.i2.11
Mammadova, M., Mammadzada, F. (2018). Development of the technique of assessing the total number of it professionals in Azerbaijan. Problems of Information Technology, 09 (1), 53–64. doi: https://doi.org/10.25045/jpit.v09.i1.06
Mammadova, M., Mammadzada, F. (2018). Analysis technique of it-profile education and matching of supply and demand for it specialists. Problems of Information Society, 09 (1), 26–36. doi: https://doi.org/10.25045/jpis.v09.i1.02
Mammadova, M. H., Jabrayilova, Z. G., Mammadzada, F. R. (2015). Managing the IT labor market in conditions of fuzzy information. Automatic Control and Computer Sciences, 49 (2), 88–93. doi: https://doi.org/10.3103/s0146411615020030
Mammadovа, M., Jabrayilova, Z. (2018). Methodological approach to the human resource management in virtual organizations. EUREKA: Physics and Engineering, 3, 3–11. doi: https://doi.org/10.21303/2461-4262.2018.00642
State Program “Azerbaijani youth in 2011-2015” Approved by the Order of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated on July 7, 2011. Available at: http://www.youthpolicy.org/national/Azerbaijan_2011_Youth_State_Program.pdf
Concept of Development Azerbaijan 2020: Look into the Future. Decree of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan of December 29, 2012. Available at: http://president.az/files/future_az.pdf
National Strategy for Information Society Development in the Republic of Azerbaijan for 2014-2020 (2014). Order of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated. Available at: http://president.az/articles/11312
Strategic Roadmap for the Development of Telecommunications and Information Technology (2016). Decree of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Available at: http://president.az/articles/22382
Zadeh, L. A. (1975). The concept of a linguistic variable and its application to approximate reasoning – I. Information Sciences, 8 (3), 199–249. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-0255(75)90036-5
Simon, H. A. (1973). The structure of ill structured problems. Artificial Intelligence, 4 (3-4), 181–201. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/0004-3702(73)90011-8
Mammadova, M. H. (2019). Intelligent management of the labor market of IT specialists. Baku: “Information Technologies” publishing house, 298.
Mammadova, M. H. (1997). Decision-making based on knowledge bases with fuzzy relational structure. Baku: Elm, 296.
Orlovskiy, S. A. (1981). Problemy prinyatiya resheniy pri nechetkoy iskhodnoy informatsii. Moscow: Nauka, 208.
Rabota.az. Available at: https://www.rabota.az/
Boss.az. Available at: https://boss.az/
Jobsearch.az. Available at: http://www.jobsearch.az/
E-mlspp. Available at: https://e-mlspp.gov.az/
👁 401 ⬇ 238
Copyright (c) 2019 Masuma MammadovÐ°
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Our journal abides by the Creative Commons CC BY copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:
1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons CC BY, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.