INTENSITY OF INVASION IN EMERIOSIS OF RABBITS IN DIFFERENT METHODS OF KEEPING

Keywords: eimeriosis of rabbits, biological cycle of eimerias, intensity of invasion, methods of keeping rabbits

Abstract

One of the important problems in raising rabbits is eimeriosis, regardless of the method of maintenance. The disease affects animals of all ages, causing weight loss, feed conversion, morbidity and death.

The aim. Study of the prevalence and diagnosis of rabbit eimeriosis by different housing technology to improve methods of disease control.

Methods. The experiment was conducted during 2017–2019 in farms with different capacities in four regions of Dnipro, Zaporizhia, Kharkiv and Sumy. A total of 20 farms for keeping rabbits of different breeds were surveyed.

Results. Studies of rabbit farms on business and private ones found that the most common infestation was with the following species of eimeria: Eimeria perforans, E magna, E. media, E. irresidua, E. piriforms and E. іntestinalis. It is proved that the extensiveness of rabbit infestation when kept in farms in metal cages, under the conditions of sanitary and hygienic regime and timely disinvasion of premises, was in the range of 42–15 % in autumn-winter period, and 19–6 % in spring-summer. According to the survey of homestead farms, rabbits kept in wooden cages on deep litter, the level of invasion in the autumn-winter period was 100–56 % and in the spring-summer – 70–29 %.

Conclusions. Keeping rabbits in metal cages in compliance with sanitary and hygienic standards and timely disinvasion reduces the level of extensiveness of the invasion.

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Author Biographies

Oksana Shkromada, Sumy National Agrarian University

Department of therapy, pharmacology, clinical diagnostics and chemistry

Tetiana Nedzheria, Sumy National Agrarian University

Department of therapy, pharmacology, clinical diagnostics and chemistry

 

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Published
2020-09-29
How to Cite
Shkromada, O., & Nedzheria, T. (2020). INTENSITY OF INVASION IN EMERIOSIS OF RABBITS IN DIFFERENT METHODS OF KEEPING. EUREKA: Health Sciences, (5), 107-114. https://doi.org/10.21303/2504-5679.2020.001419
Section
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine