Method of diagnosis and treatment of profusional bleeding from stenosing postbulbar ulcers of the duodenum
The aim. To evaluate the effectiveness of X-ray interventions in arosive bleeding in patients with complicated duodenal ulcer.
Materials and methods. X-ray endovascular interventions were used in 8 patients who developed arosive bleeding as a complication of duodenal ulcer. All patients with signs of gastrointestinal bleeding were examined according to clinical protocols. Hemodynamically stable patients underwent X-ray endovascular interventions.
Results and discussion. In the near future, bleeding stopped in all 8 (100 %, OR–0.04 [0.005–0.29], p=0.03) patients. On day 2, two patients who underwent embolization of their own hepatic artery had a recurrence of bleeding (0.56 [0.065–4.76], p=0.29). Repeated angiography and embolization attempts were ineffective, and both patients died. In patients who underwent gastroduodenal and pancreatouodenal artery embolization, bleeding did not resume. Thus, we obtained good results as 6 out of 8 patients recovered (75 %), despite the severity of their condition and a disappointing prognosis (OR–9.0 [1.0–46.7], p <0.05).
Conclusions. Adherence to the tactics mentioned above in the treatment of bleeding in duodenal ulcer was highly effective, especially in superselective embolization with the detection of bleeding gel. If the presence of arosive bleeding is confirmed, emergency surgical treatment with suturing of the damaged vessel is shown in hemodynamically unstable patients, and endovascular intervention is possible in hemodynamically stable patients. Further studies are needed to determine the criteria for a high risk of arosive bleeding developing in patients with complicated duodenal ulcer as well as to prevent its occurrence through the use of X-ray endovascular interventions.
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