Evaluation of the obesity influence on the life quality in patients with bronchial asthma
The obese asthma is characterized by a more severe course. The feature of this comorbid condition is the reduced effectiveness of basic therapy with inhaled corticosteroids, which prevents optimal control of symptoms, requires increasing doses and increases the number of exacerbations and hospitalizations. The problem of life quality (LQ) research in patients with asthma and obesity is highly relevant today, which made it the reason for this study.
The aim of the study was to determine the effect of obesity on LQ in patients with asthma.
Materials and methods. We selected for participating in the study 46 patients with moderate severity asthma. Examination of the patients included: objective examination with an anthropometric evaluation, the test of the LQ with two questionnaires: general one – Medical Outcome Study SF-36 (MOS SF-36) and specialized Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ).
Results. The increase in body mass index (BMI) in patients with asthma according to the questionnaires MOS SF-36 and AQLQ is associated with significant reductions in viability (r=–0.33, p<0.05), physical activity (r=–0.37, p<0.01), social activity (r=–0.36, p <0.01) and the degree of reduction of the patient's tolerance to adverse environmental factors (r=–0.29, p<0.05)
Conclusions. The presence of concomitant obesity in patients with asthma is associated with significant reductions in the parameters of physical and social activity, viability and with an increase in the subjective pain assessment (according to the questionnaire MOS SF-36) and characterized by significantly lower rates of activity, tolerance to adverse environmental factors and general life quality (according to the AQLQ questionnaire).
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