Morphometric measurements of calcaneum in North Indian population
Calcaneum is the largest tarsal bone in the foot, which participate in the formation of subtalar joint.
Aims and objectives The difference in the anatomical structure of calcaneum plays an important role in dynamic, kinetic, and static of the foot. Hence this study was planned.
Material and methods. Present study was conducted in Pt. B. D. Sharma University of health sciences on 54 pair of dry human calcanei in which linear measurements were taken using digital vernier caliper with accuracy of 0.01mm and Bohler’s angle (BA) was measured with goniometer. Correlation of Bohler’s angle and maximum antero-posterior length (MXL) with another parameter were seen.
Results. In present study no significant difference was seen in the measurements of right and the left calcanei. Correlation of MXL of calcaneum with other parameters was done which came out to be significant except for CFH (right side) and DAFW (right side). Presented findings suggest that the MXL of the calcaneum bone can sometimes be calculated from its other parameters if well preserved, which could be helpful for forensic experts.
Conclusion. Present study on morphometric parameters of calcaneum would provide useful information for orthopaedic surgeries. Also, the knowledge of morphometry of this bone would be useful for forensic experts, foot rehabilitation procedure, and this study would contribute to the anatomic literature and clinical fields.
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