Study of quality of sleep in patients with psychiatric illness under remission in relation to quality of life and functional disability

  • Siva Anoop Yella ESIC Medical College and Hospital
  • Ramasubba Reddy Institute of Mental Health
  • P. C. B. Gupta Institute of Mental Health
Keywords: psychiatric disorders, quality of sleep, quality of life, functional disability

Abstract

Sleep is one of the essential biological rhythms of a human being. Sleep disturbances could precipitate psychiatric illnesses like schizophrenia, bipolar affective disorder, depression, anxiety disorders, substance use disorders, etc. Even when psychiatric disorders are successfully treated, sleep disturbances often fail to remit. The quality of sleep in such patients is badly affected and influences the daytime functioning and impairs the overall quality of life.

The aim of the study. To study quality of sleep of patients with psychiatric illness under remission in relation to quality of life and functional disability.

Material and methods. Patients attending the review outpatient department of Tertiary hospital are selected for the study. Patients diagnosed with bipolar affective disorder and schizophrenia according to ICD-10 criteria were taken. Patients meeting remission criteria for bipolar affective disorder i.e., YMRS score </=8, MADRS score </=10 and for schizophrenia –eight PANSS signs and symptoms score <3 are selected from them. Quality of sleep is compared with quality of life and functional disability.

Results: Mean age was found to be 36.59. Mean PSQI score is 8.35. The mean score of physical quality of life domain is 58.28, mean score of psychological quality of life domain is 56.63, mean score of social quality of life domain is 55.39, and mean score of environmental quality of life domain is 55.41. Mean score of functional disability score is 30.14.

Conclusion: Poor quality of sleep in Schizophrenia and BPAD needs to be addressed.

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Author Biographies

Siva Anoop Yella, ESIC Medical College and Hospital

Department of Psychiatry

Ramasubba Reddy, Institute of Mental Health

Department of Psychiatry

P. C. B. Gupta, Institute of Mental Health

Department of Psychiatry

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Published
2022-03-31
How to Cite
Yella, S. A., Reddy, R., & Gupta, P. C. B. (2022). Study of quality of sleep in patients with psychiatric illness under remission in relation to quality of life and functional disability. EUREKA: Health Sciences, (2), 29-54. https://doi.org/10.21303/2504-5679.2022.002384
Section
Medicine and Dentistry