Cross-sectional study to evaluate various cardiovascular manifestations in pregnant women with preeclampsia using 2d echocardiogram
Preeclampsia is one of the most frequent complications found in pregnancy. Preeclampsia was initially thought to cause poor long-term cardiovascular outcomes, but recent studies have shown its effect to be more early and severe.
Aims: To reduce the morbidity and mortality for all patients with hypertension in pregnancy through any cardiovascular problem that is directly caused by hypertension in pregnancy
Methods: it is a cross-sectional and observational study of pregnant women with preeclampsia in the reproductive age group (15–44 years) diagnosed with preeclampsia in the antenatal ward/HDU/MICU at Niloufer hospital were evaluated with 2d echo on diagnosis and a follow up 2d echo after delivery was done and changes in 2d echo were noted, patients with prior changes in 2d echo have been excluded from the study. About 113 preeclamptic patients were studied and further classified as non-severe and severe preeclampsia, and their results were compared.
Results: This study shows significant cardiovascular dynamics changes in subjects with preeclampsia (both severe and non-severe) which can be studied by 2 D echo. Non-severe preeclampsia was associated with more normal birth weight. This was found statistically significant in our study. IUD and early neonatal death were more associated with severe preeclampsia when compared to non-severe preeclampsia, which was found statistically significant.
Conclusions: Early identification of preeclamptic patients at higher risk of developing cardiovascular complications later in life by undergoing timely echocardiography.
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