EFFICIENCY OF DIFFERENT TECHNIQUES OF CATTLE TREATMENT WITH INSECTICIDES
These researches were carried out on the use of insecticide for infected animals, depending on its quantity (volume), shape and disperse of the drop during spraying. We used the solution of EktosanTM (LTD “Brovapharma”, Ukraine) in dilution 1:1000, with spraying of external usage twice, against Bovicola bovis Linnaeus, 1758, (Trichodectidae, Mallophaga) spontaneous infected lactating dairy cows of 4-8 years of age and young cattle aged 4˗6 to 12 months during 2009˗2010 in the State breeding farm “Ploskivske”, Kyiv region, and in February-March, 2012 in the private farm “Volyn”, Rivne region of Ukraine. A total number of 464 hosts (cows and calves) were examined, out of which 356 animals or 76.72 % were infected by B. bovis.- Efficacy of three techniques of cattle treatment with insecticide was studied. The time-indexes (time-consuming) for treatment and prophylactic manipulations of animals were investigated and recorded.
100 % efficiency of three techniques with full-volume system sprayer (2000 cm3/animal), medium-volume sprayer (250 cm3/animal) and low-volume sprayer or fine-dispersed atomizer (100 cm3 /animal) was established.
According to the work time consuming, the least time for animals’ treatment technique spraying was spent by using a disinfection full-volume system sprayer “DUK”. Full time of this manipulation has taken 33 minutes. The most labor-intensive technique was with using a manual low-volume sprayer “Rosynka”. The work by this technique has taken 58 minutes, and was by 43.1 and 23.3 % minutes more in comparing to full-volume system and medium-volume system sprayers.
The medium-volume system spraying technique for animals was more economically expedient, in accordance for employees’ labor expenses and EktosanTM insecticide price.
Benelli, G., Caselli, A., Di Giuseppe, G., Canale, A. (2017). Control of biting lice, Mallophaga − a review. Acta Tropica. doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2017.05.031
Brihadyrenko, V. V. (2003). Fundamentals of taxonomy of insects. Dnipropetrovsk, 204.
Capinera, J. L. (Ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Entomology. Florida: Springer, 4346. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4020-6359-6
Yatusevich, A. I., Stasukevich, S. I., Yatusevich, I. A., Michalochkina, E. I. (2006). Arachnoentomoses of domestic ruminants and odd-toed ungulates. Vitebsk: Vitebsk State Academy of Veterinary Medicine, 213.
Veselkin, G. A. (1981). Measures of prevention and control against Zoophilous flies. Veterinaria Journal, 7, 24–35.
Gurova, T. V. (2007). Prevention and measures improvement against siphunculatoses and bovicolosis of cattle. Kharkiv, 21.
Stolbova, О. А., Hlazunova, L. А., Nikonov, A. A. et. al. (2014). Insects and ticks are parasites of cattle in the North Urals. Fundamental research, 11, 2650–2655.
Berezovskyi, A. V., Pozhivil, A. I., Shevchenko, A. M. (2007). Modern medicine drugs for pharmacocorrection and animal chemoprophylaxis: Scientific issue. Kyiv, 240.
Sivkov, G. S. (2001). Problems of animals protection against parasitic arthropods in Siberia. Probl. Entomol. and Arachnol, 42, 3–9.
Herke, V. S., Herke, A. N. (2002). Some aspects of the general body reaction with ectoparasitosis. Actual problems of Veterinary Medicine. Issue of conference, dedicated to Anniversary of 300 years of Sankt-Peterburg “Zoosfera”, 70–73.
Jazayeri, J. A. (2004). Biochemical studies on sheep body louse Bovicola ovis (Schrank) (Phthiraptera: Trichodectidae): comparison of pyrethroid and organophosphate resistant and susceptible strains. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, 80 (1), 1–11. doi: 10.1016/j.pestbp.2004.05.002
Yatusevich, A. I., Karassov, N. F., Michalochkina, E. I. et. al. (1992). Recommendations against parasitoses of ruminants. Vitebsk: Vitebsk State Academy of Veterinary Medicine, 11.
Arkhipov, A. I. (2005). Rational methods of using antiparasitic drugs in veterinarinary. The Journal of Theory and practice of control parasitic diseases, 6, 51−52.
Маshkey, I. A., Ponomarenko, V. Ya., Fedorova, O. V. (2003). Recommendations for diagnostic, treatment and prophylaxis of bovine teliaziosis. Kharkiv, 10.
Kаtaeva, Т. S., Burova, А. А. (1999). Techniques of insecticides usage for cattle. The Theory and Practice control against parasitic diseases Journal, 119–121.
Recommendation to the study of efficacy of repellents and insecticides in Veterinary Medicine (1982). Moscow State Russian Academy of Agrarian Sciences, 13.
Gandzyuk, V. N. (1990). Aerosols of pyrethroids against ectoparasites of cattle. Veterinariya, 1, 21–22.
Shevchenko, A. V., Mezhenska, N. A., Tytarenko, Ya. M. (2015). Safety and quality of raw milk infected by Bovicola bovis cows. Scientific issue of the National University of Life & Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, 221, 287–293.
Shevchenko, A. V. (2008). Definition “EktosanTM” efficacy against bovicolosis of calves. VIІ-th International Congress of Veterinarians, dedicated to 100 years Anniversary of the National Agricultural University of Ukraine, Kyiv, 21–24.
Berezovskyi, A. V., Shevchenko, A. M., Katiukha, S. M. (2008). Determination of Ektosanтм efficacy for the protection of bovine animals against blood sucker insects at condition Summer farmyard farming. Veterinary Medicine, 91, 47−50.
Berezovskyi, A. V., Shevchenko, A. M., Nahorna, L. V. (2008). Pat. No. 36437 UA. Insecticide and mite drug “EktosanTM”. MPK А61К 31/01. No. u200806691; declareted: 15.05.2008; published: 27.10.2008, Bul. No. 20.
Pavlov, S. D., Tsapirin, Yu. N., Tikhomirov, S. M. (1987). Ultra-low-volume spraying insecticides for animals against blood sucker insects. Ecology and geography of arthropods in Siberia. Nauka, 249–251.
Pavlov, S. D., Pavlova, R. P. (2001). Determination of the effectiveness of insecticides with dosed contact of insects. Probl. Entomol. And arachnol, 43, 193–203.
Tkachov, A. V. (2004). Pyrethroid insecticides are analogues of plants natural protection substances. Soros Educational Journal, 8 (2), 56–63.
Zubarev, V. N., Sidorkin, V. A. (2013). Entomoses of cattle and measures of prophylaxis. Effectivnoe zhivotnovodstvo [Journal of efficacy husbandry], 6 (92), 25–26.
Campbell, J. B., Boxler, D. J., Davis, R. L. (2001). Comparative efficacy of several insecticides for control of cattle lice (Mallophaga: Trichodectidae and Anoplura: Haematopinidae). Veterinary Parasitology, 96 (2), 155–164. Available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11230922 doi: 10.1016/s0304-4017(00)00415-5
Shevchenko, A. V., Soroka, N. M., Galat, V. F., Chornyi, V. A. (2010). Efficacy of Ektosan™ against animals ectoparasitoses. Scientific issue of the National University of Life & Environmental Sciences, 151 (2), 206–208.
Eldridge, B. F., Edman, J. D. (Eds.) (2004). Medical Entomology: A Textbook on Public Health and Veterinary Problems caused by Arthropods. Kluwer: University of California, 660. doi: 10.1007/978-94-007-1009-2
Wall, R., Shearer, D. (1997). Veterinary entomology: arthropod ectoparasites of veterinary importance. Veterinary Parasitology, 99–116.
Copyright (c) 2017 Anatolii Shevchenko, Raissa Slobodian
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Our journal abides by the Creative Commons CC BY copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:
1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons CC BY, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.