The characteristic of economically important traits of dairy cows depending on type of body constitution

Keywords: dairy cows, type of body constitution, growth, exterior, milk productivity, reproductive capacity

Abstract

This study focuses on research of economically important traits of Ukrainian black-and-white dairy cows with different types of body constitution. The aim of the study was to differentiate dairy cows into constitution types and to identify the best types in terms of growth, exterior, milk productivity and reproductive capacity. The cows were differentiated into low-, mid- and high-capacity types of body constitution. Depending on their type the features of growth, exterior, milk productivity and reproduction capacity of primiparous have been studied.

It has been established, that the intensity of growth of heifers from birth to 18 months depended on the type of their body constitution. Higher live weight, absolute and average daily gains were characteristic of heifers with low-capacity body constitution. Their live weight at the age of 18 months on average was 388.5 kg, it was on 30.9 kg and 60.3 kg (Р < 0.01) more than live weight of mid- and high-capacity heifers. The advantages of low-capacity heifers in average daily gain during the growing period were 60 g and 117 g, respectively.

The results of the exterior evaluation have shown that primiparous with the high-capacity type of body constitution had greater size and larger measurements primarily of the chest and barrel (Р < 0.05–0.001).The higher values of linear evaluation were also observed in cows with the high-capacity type, which were characterized by well-developed chest, wide rump, desired rear view of rear legs, firm udder attachment and strong central ligament. The power of influence of the type of body constitution on linear type traits ranged from 0.5 % (rear teat placement) to 46.2 % (chest width).

Higher milk productivity was a characteristic of mid-capacity cows (an advantage of 305-d milk yield – 340–662 kg, milk fat yield – 9.0–21.0 kg, milk protein yield – 9.8–19.8 kg).The best results of reproduction capacity have been observed in cows with the high-capacity type of body constitution (calving percentage – 87.5 %)

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Ruslana Stavetska, Bila Tserkva National Agrarian University

Department of Genetics, Breeding and Selection of Animals

References

Prata, M. A., Faro, L. E., Moreira, H. L., Verneque, R. S., Vercesi Filho, A. E., Peixoto, M. G. C. D., Cardoso, V. L. (2015). Genetic parameters for milk production traits and breeding goals for Gir dairy cattle in Brazil. Genetics and Molecular Research, 14 (4), 12585–12594. doi: https://doi.org/10.4238/2015.october.19.2

Samoré, A. B., Rizzi, R., Rossoni, A., Bagnato, A. (2010). Genetic parameters for functional longevity, type traits, SCS, milk flow and production in the Italian Brown Swiss. Italian Journal of Animal Science, 9 (2). doi: https://doi.org/10.4081/ijas.2010.e28

Oltenacu, P. A., Broom, D. M. (2010). The impact of genetic selection for increased milk yield on the welfare of dairy cows. Animal Welfare, 19 (S), 39–49. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/228675305_The_impact_of_genetic_selection_for_increased_milk_yield_on_the_welfare_of_dairy_cows

Updates to the Total Performance Index (TPI) and type composites. Holstein Pulse. Available at: http://www.holsteinusa.com/pdf/Upcoming_Changes_aug17.pdf

Nordic Total Merit Index. VikingGenetics. Available at: https://www.vikinggenetics.com/about-us/ntm/ntm-unlocked?show=anvp

Pro$ & LPI: Enhancements and Updates (2019). Canadian Dairy Network. Available at: https://www.cdn.ca/document.php?id=516

Kuleshov, P. N. (1937). Vybor po ekster'eru loshadey, skota, ovets, sviney. Moscow: Sel'hozgiz, 202.

Dyurst, I.; Kalmanson, S. Ya. (Ed.) (1936). Osnovy razvedeniya krupnogo rogatogo skota. Moscow: Sel'hozgiz, 455.

Savchuk, D. I., Polupan, Yu. P. (1989). Otsenka konstitutsii sel'skohozyaystvennyh zhivotnyh. Zootehniya, 4, 19–23.

Shalimov, M. O. (1996). Teoretychni i praktychni aspekty formuvannia typiv konstytutsiyi chervonykh porid khudoby. Kharkiv, 39.

Siratskyi, Y., Merkushyn, V., Fedorovych, Ye. (2001). Konstytutsiya velykoi rohatoi khudoby yak mira harmonii budovy tila. Propozytsiya, 12, 82–84.

Pogodaev, S. F. (1963). Sravnitel'naya harakteristika biologicheskih i produktivnyh osobennostey korov simmental'skoy porody raznyh tipov konstitutsii. Moscow, 26.

Panasiuk, I. M. (1996). Produktyvni y tekhnolohichni yakosti koriv zalezhno vid konstytutsiyi, vyshchoi nervovoi diyalnosti, stresostiykosti ta oznak rannoho ontohenezu. Dnipropetrovsk, 293.

Chernenko, O. M. (2015). Pat. No. 97878 UA. Sposib vyznachennia typu konstytutsiyi u koriv za obiemno-vahovym koefitsientom. No. u201410996; declareted: 08.10.2014; published: 10.04.2015, Bul. No. 7.

ICAR: The Global Standard for Livestock Data. Available at: https://www.icar.org/

Van De Stroet, D. L., Calderón Díaz, J. A., Stalder, K. J., Heinrichs, A. J., Dechow, C. D. (2016). Association of calf growth traits with production characteristics in dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science, 99 (10), 8347–8355. doi: https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2015-10738

Prishedko, V. M., Lesnоvskay, E. V., Karlova, L. V., Dutka, V. R. (2017). Economic efficiency of the use of using the first-born cows of Holstein breed with different intensity of their formation in early ontogenesis. Scientific Messenger of Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnologies, 19 (79), 163–168.

Tulinova, O. V., Vasil'eva, E. N., Egiazaryan, A. V., Solovey, V. B. (2011). Molochnaya produktivnost' ayrshirskih pervotelok v zavisimosti ot intensivnosti ih rosta v raznye periody vyraschivaniya. Zootehniya, 8, 2–4.

Serjsen, K. (2005). Mammary development. Calf and heifer rearing: principles of rearing the modern dairy heifer from calf to calving. Nottingham: Nottingham University Press, 237–251.

Storli, K. S., Klemetsdal, G., Volden, H., Salte, R. (2017). The relationship between Norwegian Red heifer growth and their first-lactation test-day milk yield: A field study. Journal of Dairy Science, 100 (9), 7602–7612. doi: https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2016-12018

Chernenko, O. M. (2015). Formuvannia eksterieru i konstytutsiyi u koriv ukrainskoi chervonoi molochnoi porody. Visnyk Dnipropetrovskoho derzhavnoho ahrarno-ekonomichnoho universytetu, 3 (37), 88–90.

Chernenko, O. M. (2015). Milk productivity of holstein breed cows of different somatotypes. Naukovyi visnyk «Askaniya-Nova», 8, 104–114.

Tozer, P. R., Heinrichs, A. J. (2001). What Affects the Costs of Raising Replacement Dairy Heifers: A Multiple-Component Analysis. Journal of Dairy Science, 84 (8), 1836–1844. doi: https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.s0022-0302(01)74623-1


👁 20
⬇ 17
Published
2021-04-01
How to Cite
Stavetska, R., & Dynko, Y. (2021). The characteristic of economically important traits of dairy cows depending on type of body constitution. EUREKA: Life Sciences, (2), 9-15. https://doi.org/10.21303/2504-5695.2021.001696
Section
Agricultural and Biological Sciences