Creation of winter wheat source material with increased adaptive potential to adverse environmental conditions
The goal until the last day was to create a new sort with high indicators of productivity, adaptability and quality of grain on the basis of the directed selection process and comprehensive study of hybrid material on field and laboratory estimations.
Creation of initial material with high productivity, adaptability and grain quality by directed selection and hybrid material comprehensive study is described. General scientific, special genetic, field, laboratory methods, morphological analysis and statistical methods were used in the research. Given that the weight of grain from 1 ear is a marker in breeding for high yield (r=0.53), the largest (50 %) positive transgressions were in F1 hybrids using new genetic plasma varieties. Among hybrid populations F2, F3 and F4, selection value is represented by hybrid populations 4971 and 4976, which have the lowest stress resistance (–16.1, –18.6) and variation (16.9, 19.9) and the highest genetic stability (50.0, 50.2) and homeostaticity (19.1, 14.3), respectively. Among Control, Preliminary and Competitive tests, lines UK2621/18 and UK9855/18 have high stress resistance (–4.7, –5.8), homeostaticity (1416.0, 1008.0) and low variability (2.6 %, 3.5 %), respectively. They are the most adaptive and malleable to average and adverse environmental conditions. Line UK1182/17, which in 2020 was submitted for consideration to the State variety testing as "Blahovishchenska" (Kiev, Ukraine), was created using the purposeful method of pedigree in each link of selection. It has high adaptability, resistance to lodging, major diseases, high average yield (90.8 c/ha), and grain quality – it is strong wheat (protein amount 13.5–14.0 %, gluten – 30–35 %). Pedigree is the most effective method of continuous individual selection, which allows creating source material with high productivity, resistance to disease and adverse environmental factors
Havrylyuk, V. M., Vakulenko, V. V. (2020). Plastychnist vitchyznianoho pokhodzhennia. Zerno, 3 (168), 64–71.
Orlyuk, A.P. (2012). Wheat genetics with the basics of breeding. Kherson: Aylant, 196–259.
Kolesnikova, N. D., Verdish, М. В., Shukailo, S. P. (2014). Obgruntuvannia faktoriv vplyvu na urozhainist sortiv ozymoi miakoi pshenytsi v zoni pivdennoho stepu Ukrainy. Zroshuvane zemlerobstvo, 61, 80–84.
Sultana, H., Ali, N., Iqbal, M. M., Khan, A. M. (2009). Vulnerability and adaptability of wheat production in different climatic zones of Pakistan under climate change scenarios. Climatic Change, 94 (1-2), 123–142. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-009-9559-5
Popov, S., Avramenko, S., Tsekhmeistruk, M., Manko, K., Glubokiy, O. (2014). Adaptatyvni tekhnolohii dlia vyroshchuvannia. Ahrobiznes syohodni. Available at: http://agro-business.com.ua/agro/ahronomiia-sohodni/item/480-adaptatyvni-tekhnolohii-dlia-vyroshchuvannia.html
Dmytrenko, V. P., Odnolyetok, L. P., Krivoshein, O. O., Krukivska, A. V. (2017). Development of the methodology of estimating of agricultural crop yield potential with consideration of climate and agrophytotechnology impact. Ukrainian hydrometeorological journal, 20, 52–60.
Tkachyk, S. O. (Ed.). (2014). Metodyka provedennia ekspertyzy sortiv roslyn hrupy zernovykh, krupianykh ta zernobobovykh na prydatnist do poshyrennia v Ukraini (PSP). Kyiv: Nilat-LTD, 81.
Riabchun, N. I. (2004). Zymostiikist ozymoi pshenytsi ta metody yii otsinky pry selektsii novykh sortiv. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats SHI, 6, 68–75.
DSTU 4749:2007. Pshenytsia ozyma. Metod vyznachannia morozostiikosti sortiv (2008). Kyiv: Derspozhivstandart of Ukraine, 4–8.
Trybel, S. O., Hetman, M. V., Stryhun, O. O., Kovalyshyna, H. M., Andriushchenko, A. V. (2010). Metodolohiia otsiniuvannia stiikosti sortiv pshenytsi proty shkidnykiv i zbudnykiv khvorob. Kyiv: Kolobih, 392.
Boeven, P. H. G., Zhao, Y., Thorwarth, P., Liu, F., Maurer, H. P., Gils, M. et. al. (2020). Negative dominance and dominance-by-dominance epistatic effects reduce grain-yield heterosis in wide crosses in wheat. Science Advances, 6 (24). doi: http://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aay4897
Voskresenskaya, G. S., Shpota, V. I. (1967). Transgressiya priznakov u gibridov Brassica i metodika kolichestvennogo ucheta etogo yavleniya. DAN SSSR, 7, 18–20.
Fischer, R. A., Rebetzke, G. J. (2018). Indirect selection for potential yield in early-generation, spaced plantings of wheat and other small-grain cereals: a review. Crop and Pasture Science, 69 (5), 439. doi: http://doi.org/10.1071/cp17409
Kondratenko, E. P., Egushova, E. A., Konstantinova, O. B., Pikulina, O. I., Tyukalo, G. N. (2014). Otsenka urozhainosti, ekologicheskoi stabilnosti i plastichnosti novykh sortov ozimoi pshenitsy v usloviyakh lesostepnoi zony kemerovskoi oblasti. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya, 3. Available at: https://science-education.ru/ru/article/view?id=13390
Demydov, O., Homenko, S., Chugunkova, T., Fedorenko, I. (2019). Productivity and homeostaticity of collection samples of spring wheat. Visnyk Agrarnoi Nauky, 97 (9), 47–51. doi: http://doi.org/10.31073/agrovisnyk201909-07
Gupta, S. C., Kapoor, V. K. (2020). Fundamentals of mathematical statistics. Sultan Chand & Sons. Available at: https://www.sultanchandandsons.com/book/61/fundamentals-of-mathematical-statistics
Arkhiv pogody v Kieve (gorod Kiev, Ukraina). Pogoda i klimat. Available at: http://www.pogodaiklimat.ru/weather.php?id=33345
Morgun, V. V. (Ed.) (2017). Fiziolohiia roslyn: dosiahnennia ta novi napriamky rozvytkuiu. Kyiv: Lohos, 672.
Boroyevich, S. (1984). Printsipy i metody selektsii rastenii. Moscow: Kolos, 344.
Löschenberger, F., Fleck, A., Grausgruber, H., Hetzendorfer, H., Hof, G., Lafferty, J. et. al. (2008). Breeding for organic agriculture: the example of winter wheat in Austria. Euphytica, 163 (3), 469–480. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-008-9709-2
Grabovets, A. I., Fomenko, M. A. (2018). Massa zerna integralnyi pokazatel adaptivnosti ozimoi pshenitsy pri selektsii na zasukhoustoichivost. Agronomiya i selskoye khozyaystvo, 5 (49), 16–20.
Adhikari, A., Ibrahim, A. M., Rudd, J. C., Baenziger, P. S., Sarazin, J. (2020). Estimation of heterosis and combining abilities of U.S. winter wheat germplasm for hybrid development in Texas. Crop Science, 60 (2), 788–803. doi: http://doi.org/10.1002/csc2.20020
Vlasenko, V. A., Kochmarsky, V. S., Kolyuchy, V. T., Kolomiets, L. A., Khomenko, S. O., Solona, V. Y. (2012). Selektsiina evoliutsiia myronivskykh pshenyts. Myronivka, 326.
Copyright (c) 2021 Lida Khomenko
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Our journal abides by the Creative Commons CC BY copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:
1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons CC BY, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.