THE IDEAL OF KALOKAGATHIA OF THE TOTALITARIAN AND LIBERAL REGIMES AS A MEANS OF PERSONALITY FORMATION

Keywords: liberalism, totalitarianism, harmonious human development

Abstract

The object of research is the relationship between the state and the individual under totalitarian and liberal regimes.

Investigated problem: in the article the concepts of totalitarian and liberal regime is analyzed, their nature and relation are revealed. The characteristics of each of them are considered. It highlights the impact that they have on the ideal of kalokagathia is highlighted. In a society in which the ideas of kalokagathia can be realized, there must be freedom, which is the most important value of the individual. Both directions of democratic thought ‒ totalitarianism and liberalism welcome the higher value of freedom.

A person can’t independently distinguish what is good, harmonious for it, and what is evil, it is not able to make competent decisions, it is always under the influence of the outside world and its conditions. Political regimes can be considered to a large extent, as the basic conditions for human existence. In some cases, these conditions can both stimulate a person and suppress it. This can lead to the fact that government agencies of direct action and coercion can make decisions for it or give rise to the right of permissiveness and thought only of oneself.

The main scientific results: historically, the state is called upon to realize the protective function of comprehensive harmonious human development (the ideal of kalokagathia) at the national level, but under the conditions of the presented regimes, this process undergoes various transformations and can’t be fully realized and does not correspond to reality. The harmonious development of man is always full of dissonances and struggles of various forces in the human being.

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Author Biographies

Іryna Kobzieva, Kharkiv College of Trade and Economics Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics

Cycle commission of economics, Management and Administration

Tetiana Prykhodko, Kharkiv College of Trade and Economics Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics

Cycle commission of economics, Management and Administration

Tetiana Kunicheva, Kharkiv College of Trade and Economics Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics

Scientific and Methodical laboratory

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Published
2020-06-30
How to Cite
KobzievaІ., Prykhodko, T., Kunicheva, T., Korolevsky, J., & Grover, V. (2020). THE IDEAL OF KALOKAGATHIA OF THE TOTALITARIAN AND LIBERAL REGIMES AS A MEANS OF PERSONALITY FORMATION. ScienceRise, (3), 10-15. https://doi.org/10.21303/2313-8416.2020.001336
Section
Social communications in the society development