Development of the design and determination of the mode characteristics of the demineralizer for sea water

Keywords: block low-temperature plants, sea water, desalination, salinity

Abstract

The object of research is block low-temperature installations for obtaining fresh water.

Investigated problem: obtaining fresh water from sea using low-temperature technologies.

Main scientific results: the design is developed and the operating characteristics of the demineralizer for sea water are determined.

The influence of the initial salt content of sea water on the ice formation rate is determined. With an increase in the salinity of 3.5 times, productivity on ice decreases 2.3 times.

The kinetics of the salt content in the freezing solution depends on the initial concentration. With an initial salt content of 6.74 g/l, the process rate is 0.4 g/h, with a salt content of 1 g/l – 0.14 g/h

With an initial salt content of 6.74 g/l, the process of separating wastewater from the ice block is more intensive. The salt content of the first portion of the effluent is 3.2 times higher than the initial concentration of the solution.

A cryoscopic curve was obtained for seawater in the concentration range from 0 to 6.74 g/l.

The area of practical use of the research results: studies of the quality of the obtained water showed that the content of nitrates decreases 5 times, the hardness decreases by 2 mg/dm³. The salt content is reduced from 858 mg/dm³ to 560 mg/dm³.

Plants for the concentration of food liquids by the block freezing method are designed to produce environmentally friendly products that preserve the bioactive complex of raw materials as much as possible with minimal energy consumption.

An innovative technological product: design and operating modes of a block freezing plant for seawater desalination.

Scope of application of the innovative technological product: industrial enterprises, the technological process of which requires small volumes of fresh water; to obtain fresh water on oil platforms in the oceans; small hotels, boarding houses on the seaside.

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Author Biographies

Oleg Burdo, Odessa National Academy of Food Technologies

Department of Processes, Equipment and Energy Management

Igor Bezbakh, Odessa National Academy of Food Technologies

Department of Processes, Equipment and Energy Management

Yana Fatieieva, Odessa National Academy of Food Technologies

Department of Processes, Equipment and Energy Management

Aleksandr Zykov, Odessa National Academy of Food Technologies

Department of Processes, Equipment and Energy Management

Petr Osadchuk, Odessa State Agrarian University

Department of Agroengineering

Shao Zhengzheng, Henan Institute of Science and Technology

School of Food Science

Lyudmila Phylipova, Research and Design Institute for Standardization and Technology of Eco-Friendly and Organic Products

Director

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Published
2021-04-30
How to Cite
Burdo, O., Bezbakh, I., Fatieieva, Y., Zykov, A., Osadchuk, P., Mazurenko, I., Zhengzheng, S., & Phylipova, L. (2021). Development of the design and determination of the mode characteristics of the demineralizer for sea water. ScienceRise, (2), 47-53. https://doi.org/10.21303/2313-8416.2021.001814
Section
Innovative technologies in industry