Trial using of ultrasonic cavitation in cottonization processes of hemp fibers

Keywords: textile materials, hemp fiber, physical and mechanical cottonization, ultrasonic cavitation

Abstract

The object of research: ultrasonic processing technology of textile materials.

Investigated problem: increasing the degree of splitting of complex hemp fibers due to the effect of the mechanism of ultrasonic cavitation on them.

The main scientific results: The article shows the potential of textile production to ensure the environmental friendliness of textile products, and the development and implementation of new eco-technologies of physical and mechanical cottonization of hemp fiber is important in this. Analysis of existing methods of cottonization and structural features of hemp fibers has led to the conclusion that the destruction of cellulose satellites in complex fiber can be considered as a process of purification from impurities, since the technologies for purification of substances in the aquatic environment by ultrasound now are widely used. Therefore the process of cottonization of hemp by technology of ultrasonic treatment was used in this investigation for the first time. The basic principle effect on the textile material what placed in the liquid are the hydroacoustic effects formed by the collapse of cavitation bubbles in the contact zone "liquid-material". Experimental studies of the geometric characteristics of the obtained hemp cottonine were carried out, and the effectiveness of the effect of ultrasonic vibrations on the change of the structure of hemp fiber was confirmed. Due to the removal of inlaid substances under the action of cavitation, the complex fibers of hemp were split, as a result of which the range of variation and the absolute value of their length and linear density were decreased.

The scope of practical use of the research results: textile enterprises of deep processing of bast raw materials into technical and household yarns.

Innovation technological product: technology of ultrasonic cottonization of hemp fibers.

The scope of using the innovation technological product: manufacturing of textile hemp products for general use.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Olha Hych, Kherson National Technical University

Department of Fashion Industry and Quality Management of Consumer Industry Products

Oksana Zakora, Kherson National Technical University

Department of Fashion Industry and Quality Management of Consumer Industry Products

Mariia Rastorhuieva, Kherson National Technical University

Department of Fashion Industry and Quality Management of Consumer Industry Products

Andrii Zilinskyi, National Technical University of Ukraine "Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute"

Department of Fluid Mechanics and Mechatronics

Mechanical Engineering Institute

References

Suparna, M. G., Rinsey Antony, V. A. (2016). Eco-friendly textiles. International Journal of Science, 5 (11), 67–73. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Rinsey-Antony/publication/327498497_Eco_friendly_Textiles/links/5dcfb72d299bf1b74b4530f3/Eco-friendly-Textiles.pdf

Krichevskii, G. (2018). Zelenii tekstil. Available at: https://rusnor.org/pubs/articles/15634.htm

Halyk, I. S., Semak, B. D. (2012). Ekolohichna bezpechnist tekstyliu: problemy i rishennia. Visnyk Khmelnytskoho natsionalnoho universytetu. Tekhnichni nauky, 3, 228–232. Available at: http://journals.khnu.km.ua/vestnik/pdf/tech/2012_3/64gal.pdf

Chen, H.-L., Burns, L. D. (2006). Environmental Analysis of Textile Products. Clothing and Textiles Research Journal, 24 (3), 248–261. doi: http://doi.org/10.1177/0887302x06293065

Boiko, G., Tikhosova, G., Kutasov, А. (2018). Technological hemp: prospects of development in Ukraine. Tovary i rynky, 1, 110–118.

Hych, O. A., Rastorhuieva, M. Y., Zakora, O. V. (2021). Analysis of the problem of processing industrial hemp into spinnable fiber. Visnik of Kherson National Technical University, 1 (76), 132–140. doi: http://doi.org/10.35546/kntu2078-4481.2021.1.16

Rastorhuieva, M. Y. (2007). Rozrobka tekhnolohii otrymannia bahatokomponentnoi priazhi z vykorystanniam konoplianoho kotoninu. Kherson, 180.

Luhovskoi, A. F., Chukhraev, N. V. (2007). Ultrazvukovaia kavytatsyia v sovremennikh tekhnolohyiakh. Kyiv: VPTs «Kyiv. un-t», 244.

Luhovskyi, O. F., Bernyk, I. M. (2010). Ultrazvukovi kavitatsiini aparaty dlia realizatsii ekolohichno bezpechnoi tekhnolohii vyluchennia pektynu z vtorynnoi roslynnoi syrovyny. Visnyk Natsionalnoho tekhnichnoho universytetu Ukrainy «Kyivskyi politekhnichnyi instytut». Mashynobuduvannia, 58, 82–86.

Thakore, K. A., Abate, B. (2017). Application of ultrasound in the pretreatment of cotton. Cellulose Chemistry and Technology, 51 (9-10), 983–992. Available at: https://www.cellulosechemtechnol.ro/pdf/CCT9-10(2017)/p.983-992.pdf

Shibashova, S. Iu. (2013). Otsenka vliianiia ultrazvukovogo vozdeistviia na strukturnye izmeneniia polimera. Fizika voloknistykh materialov: struktura, svoistva, naukoemkie tekhnologii i materialy (SmarTex-2013). Ivanovo: Tekstilnii institut IVGPU, 60–63.

Borsa, J., László, K., Boguslavsky, L., Takács, E., Rácz, I., Tóth, T., Szabó, D. (2016). Effect of mild alkali/ultrasound treatment on flax and hemp fibres: the different responses of the two substrates. Cellulose, 23 (3), 2117–2128. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-016-0909-y

Yakhno, O. M., Luhovskaia, E. A., Movchaniuk, A. V. (2010). Yssledovanye vozmozhnostei tekhnolohyy ultrazvukovoi kavytatsyonnoi ochystky elastychnikh poverkhnostei. Visnyk Natsionalnoho tekhnichnoho universytetu Ukrainy «Kyivskyi politekhnichnyi instytut». Mashynobuduvannia, 58, 234–240.

Bernyk, I. M. (2015). Enerhetyka kavitatsiinoi obrobky tekhnolohichnoho seredovyshcha. Naukovi pratsi Odeskoi natsionalnoi akademii kharchovykh tekhnolohii, 47 (1), 87–90. Available at: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Np_2015_47 %281 %29__19

Kyrylchuk, I. Ye., Hych, O. A., Rastorhuieva, M. Y. (2018). Vyznachennia heometrychnykh kharakterystyk konoplianoho volokna. Molod – nautsi i vyrobnytstvu – 2018: Innovatsiini tekhnolohii lehkoi promyslovosti. Kherson: Khersonskyi natsionalnyi tekhnichnyi universytet, 71–73.

Luhovskyi, O. F., Movchaniuk, A. V., Fesich, V. P., Hryshko, I. A., Novosad, A. A. (2016). Pat. No. 112827 UA. Prystrii dlia ultrazvukovoi kavitatsiinoi obrobky ridyny. MPK: C02F 1/36 (2006.01), A61L 2/02 (2006.01), C02F 1/48 (2006.01). No. a201508669. declareted: 08.09.2015; published: 25.10.2016, Bul. No. 3.

Luhovskoi, A. F., Hryshko, Y. A., Movchaniuk, A. V. (2010). Yssledovanye raboti ultrazvukovoho trubchatoho kavytatora v rezhyme radyalnikh kolebanyi. Visnyk Natsionalnoho tekhnichnoho universytetu Ukrainy «Kyivskyi politekhnichnyi instytut». Mashynobuduvannia, 59, 285–287.

Derzhspozhyvstandart Ukrainy. (2009). DSTU 5015:2008 «Volokno lliane korotke. Tekhnichni umovy». Kyiv. Available at: https://budstandart.ua/normativ-document.html?id_doc=95020

Sevostianov, A. G. (2007). Metody i sredstva issledovaniia mekhaniko-tekhnologicheskikh protsessov tekstilnoi promyshlennosti. Moscow: MGTU im. A. N. Kosygina, 648.

Kukin, G. N., Solovev, A. N., Kobliakov, A. I. (1989). Tekstilnoe materialovedenie (volokna i niti). Moscow: Legprombytizdat, 352.

Hych, O. A., Rastorhuieva, M. Y., Kostiunina, K. O. (2018). Vyznachennia liniinoi hustyny konoplianykh volokon. Suchasni tekhnolohii promyslovoho kompleksu: bazovi protsesni innovatsii – 2018. Kherson: KhNTU, 189–190.

Ultrasonic Hemp Fibre Processing. Hielscher Ultrasound Technology. Available at: https://www.hielscher.com/ultrasonic-hemp-fibre-processing.htm

Merdan, N. (2017). Effects of Environmental Surface Modification Methods on Physical Properties of Hemp Fibers. Materials Science, 23 (4), 416–421. doi: http://doi.org/10.5755/j01.ms.23.4.17469

Dai, D., Fan, M., Collins, P. (2013). Fabrication of nanocelluloses from hemp fibers and their application for the reinforcement of hemp fibers. Industrial Crops and Products, 44, 192–199. doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.11.010


👁 40
⬇ 46
Published
2021-08-31
How to Cite
Hych, O., Zakora, O., Rastorhuieva, M., & Zilinskyi, A. (2021). Trial using of ultrasonic cavitation in cottonization processes of hemp fibers. ScienceRise, (4), 24-31. https://doi.org/10.21303/2313-8416.2021.002042
Section
Innovative technologies in industry