The reconciliation of the development and implementation of police accountability in the United Kingdom

Keywords: Accountability, Constable, Constabulary independence, Discretion, Police, Policing


The objects of this research are: first, to explain some of the issues surrounding police accountability in the United Kingdom. Second, to make attempts in reconciling two opposing views as to whom police in the UK are accountable for? Third, to clarify the vagueness and ambiguous definitional concepts of the police constable, constabulary independence, and the use of police discretionary powers.

The author investigated the following problems: lack of police proper accountability, vague and ambiguous meaning of constabulary independence constable oath of office, and the use of police discretionary powers.

The main results of the research are: first, more clarity is needed as to whom is the British police accountable to? Second, a review of the current oath of office for police constable, the implementation of finding by previous committees set up by government: Lord Scarman, Rt Hon Christopher Patten, and Lord Nolan reports. Third, the monitoring of police officers' use of discretionary powers.

The area of practical use of the research: is for all citizens, directly or indirectly affected by police and safer communities. Criminal justice students in higher institutions and criminal justice practitioners, government officials, and policymakers.


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Author Biography

Shaka Yesufu, University of Limpopo Republic of South Africa

Department of Research and Development


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How to Cite
Yesufu, S. (2021). The reconciliation of the development and implementation of police accountability in the United Kingdom . ScienceRise, (6), 68-78.
Legal aspects in the system of industrial relations