The "competence" concept in the educational system of European countries within a competence-oriented approach
The object of research is the concept of "competence" in the educational system of different countries.
Investigated problem. Theoretical generalization of the concept of "competence" and the peculiarities of its formation in the process of professional training of applicants for higher education in European countries. Creation of a model of professional training for applicants for education of the first (bachelor's) level.
Main scientific results. The definition of the concepts "competence" and "legal competence", which are most often used in pedagogical research, has been analyzed. The definition of "competence" within the competence-oriented approach is given. The competence-based approach in education is understood as training not just a specialist with a system of knowledge, but a high-level professional and a comprehensively developed personality. A model for the formation of legal competence of applicants for higher education has been created. Through the introduction of innovative methods into educational processes, the legal thinking of bachelors is developing. Legal competence presupposes a set of knowledge, skills, characteristics acquired by students in the learning process, necessary to perform certain actions in order to solve problems, tasks, situations in accordance with the prescriptions of the rule of law. The formation of a system of knowledge, abilities, skills, methods of activity in students in the learning process are significant. This requires both their psychological "restructuring" and the improvement of curricula and educational technologies. The traditional teaching of lectures and the conduct of seminars should be complemented by elective courses and special courses.
The area of practical implementation of the research results. Formation of competencies in the process of professional training of applicants for higher education of the first (bachelor's) level in order to achieve programmatic learning outcomes, apply the acquired knowledge in future professional activities and everyday life.
Innovative technological product. Creation of a training model for applicants for higher education based on a competence-oriented approach.
Application area of an innovative technological product. Introduction of the educational model into the process of professional training of applicants for higher education of the first (bachelor's) level in order to promote the creation and strengthening of legal culture and creativity of students.
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