Experimental study of a pilot unit of a ground regenerator for greenhouses
The object of research: the process of heat exchange in a packing in the form of a dense layer of crushed stone as part of a thermal regenerator designed to utilize the low-grade heat of the air in a greenhouse.
Investigated problem: increasing the efficiency of air heat accumulation in the greenhouse during the daytime by a regenerative heat exchanger with a granular packing. Conducting experimental tests of regenerator models with a packing in the form of a dense layer of granular material under natural conditions is necessary to improve the design and optimize technological parameters.
The main scientific results: the analysis of temperature curves of air changes at the inlet and outlet of the regenerator installed in the mock-up greenhouse with a volume of 0.25 m3, and the packing material was carried out. During the heating period of the nozzle, the accumulated heat was Q=8•104 J, which can be used when the temperature in the greenhouse decreases. During the pause, the loss from the heat exchange channel to the environment is 48,000 J. The duration of the period was 358 min, while the average heat flux corresponded to 2.2 W. Heat losses during the pause period are significant due to its duration, however, the average heat transfer coefficient has a low value of k=2.3 W/m2K, so strengthening the insulation of the heat exchange channel is irrational.
The area of practical use of the results of the study: greenhouses, allowing the possibility of installing additional heat exchange equipment.
Innovative technological product: the innovativeness of the technical solution is determined by the possibility of using the heat of the air in the greenhouse and the implementation of contact heat exchange between the air flow and the packing particles. The design of the regenerator, the simplicity of its manufacture and operation, as well as the efficiency of air heat accumulation in the greenhouse during the daytime, allow to recommend it for use in greenhouse farms.
The scope of the innovative technological product: regenerative heat exchangers with a dense layer of granular material for the utilization of low-grade air flows generated in food production enterprises, ventilation systems and greenhouses
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