Effect of school category on adjustment of re-admitted teenage mothers in secondary schools
The object of this research: The study examined the adjustment of re-admitted teenage mothers on the bases of school categories in selected secondary schools in Kenya.
Investigated problem: There are reported low levels of adjustment among readmitted teen mothers in secondary schools in Kenya as many of them perform poorly in academics.
Methods: The sequential explanatory design was adopted. A modified Student Adjustment to School Questionnaire (SASQ) and interview schedule were used to collect data.
The main scientific results: The findings indicated that there was a significant difference [t (164)=4.22, p<.05] established in overall adjustment of re-admitted teenage mothers between the two types of schools.
The area of practical use of the research results: This is for teacher counsellors, school principals and parents. School principals should be trained on comprehensive guidance and counselling skills so that they are equipped to provide support to the re-admitted teen mothers in schools
Julia, M., Veni, B. (2012). An analysis of the factors affecting students’ adjustment at a university in Zimbabwe. International Education Studies, 5 (6), 244–251. doi: http://doi.org/10.5539/ies.v5n6p244
Sharma, S. (2016). Adjustment: process, achievement, characteristics, measurement and dimensions. International Journal of Academic Research, 3 (1-2), 56–62. Available at: http://ijar.org.in/stuff/issues/v3-i1(2)/v3-i1(2)-a006.pdf
Opondo, C. M., Aloka, P. J. O. (2020). Guidance and counselling programme and overall adjustment of teenage mothers: Evidence from secondary schools in Kenya. The Open Psychology Journal, 13, 133–143. doi: http://doi.org/10.2174/1874350102013010133
Taylor, M. A., Pastor, D. A. (2007). A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 67 (6), 1002–1018. doi: http://doi.org/10.1177/0013164406299125
Grigorieva, M. V. (2005). Theoretical and applied aspects of the problem of adjustment in psychology. The problems of social psychology of personality. Saint Petersburg: Azbuka, 376.
Salami, S. O. (2011). Psychosocial predictors of adjustment among first year college of education students. US-China Education Review, 8 (2), 239–248. Available at: https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED519567.pdf
Van Der Klink, J. L., Blonk, R. W. B., Schene, A. H., Van Dijk, F. J. H. (2003). Reducing long term sickness absence by an activating intervention in adjustment disorders: A cluster randomized controlled design. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 60 (6), 429–437. doi: http://doi.org/10.1136/oem.60.6.429
Mollborn, S., Dennis, J. A. (2011). Ready or Not: Predicting High and Low School Readiness Among Teen Parents’ Children. Child Indicators Research, 5 (2), 253–279. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/s12187-011-9126-2
Azevedo J., L. Lopez-Calva, E. P. (2012). Is the Baby to Blame? An inquiry into the consequences of early childbearing. World Bank Policy Research. Working Paper 6074. doi: http://doi.org/10.1596/1813-9450-6074
Azevedo, J. M., Favara, S., Haddock, L., Lopez-Calva, M., Muller, E., Perova, P. (2012). Teenage pregnancy and opportunities in Latin America and the caribbean: on teenage fertility decisions, poverty and economic achievement. Washington: World Bank.
Arceo-Gomez, E., Campos-Vazquez, R. (2014). Teenage pregnancy in Mexico: Evolution and Consequences. Latin American Journal of Economics, 51, 109–146. doi: http://doi.org/10.7764/laje.51.1.109
Mollborn, S., Morningstar, E. (2009). Investigating the relationship between teenage child bearing and psychological distress using longitudinal evidence. The Journal of Health and Social Behaviour, 50, 310–326. doi: http://doi.org/10.1177/002214650905000305
Nyaga, F. G. (2015). Relationship between social support and self-esteem among Teenage mothers attending Pumwani Maternity hospital in Nairobi County, Kenya. Kenyatta University. Available at: https://ir-library.ku.ac.ke/handle/123456789/14429
Wekesa, V. (2014). Re-admission policy and KCSE performance in Bungoma north Sub-county, Kenya. International Journal of Innovative Research and Development, 3 (7), 436–441.
Littleton, L., Engebretson, J. (2005). Maternity Nursing Care. New York: Delmar Learning.
Jones, C., Whitfield, C., Seymour, J. (2019). ‘Other Girls’: A qualitative exploration of teenage mothers’ views on teen pregnancy in contemporaries. Sexuality & Culture, 23, 760–773. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/s12119-019-09589-4
Chigona, A., Chetty, R. (2007). Girls’ education in South Africa special consideration mothers as learner. Journal of Education for International Development 3 (1), 1–17. Available at: http://digitalknowledge.cput.ac.za/handle/11189/7366
Strategic plan 2011–2014 (2011). Pretoria, Government Printers.
Sessional Paper No. 1 of 2005: A policy framework for Education, training and research (2003). Nairobi: Government Printer.
Gender policy in Education (2007). Nairobi: Government Printer.
Vandana, C. (2013). A study on adjustment of higher secondary school students of Durg district. OSR Journal of Research and Methods in Education, 1 (1), 50–52. doi: http://doi.org/10.9790/7388-0115052
Kaur, G., Singh, S. (2019). Adjustment patterns of adolescent students in relation to academic stress. International Journal of Research and Analytical Reviews, 6 (1), 508–512. Available at: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/8d8f/1528e140ca8c50f00c78a5fffa3640ae6d65.pdf
Sullivan, A., Leonard, D., Joshi, H. (2012). Single sex and co-educational schooling: What are the Social and family outcomes? Longitudinal and Life Course Studies, 3 (1), 137–157. doi: http://doi.org/10.14301/llcs.v3i1.148
Paramanik, J., Saha, B., Mondal, C. (2014). Adjustment of Secondary School Students with Respect to Gender and Residence. American Journal of Educational Research, 2 (12), 1138–1143. doi: http://doi.org/10.12691/education-2-12-2
Park, H., Behrman, J. R., Choi, J. (2013). Causal effects of single-sex schools on college entrance exams and college attendance: random assignment in Seoul high schools. Demography, 50 (2), 447–469. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/s13524-012-0157-1
Karplak, C. P., Buchanan, P., Hosey, S., Smith, A. (2007). University students from single –sex and co-educational high schools: Differences in majors and attitude at a Catholic University. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 31, 282–289. doi: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-6402.2007.00371.x
Bender, A., Litfin, J. S. (2015). The effects of gender grouping on female students’ participation in physical education. Available at: https://sophia.stkate.edu/maed/96
Malik, R. (2013). Students personality development. single sex versus co-educational schools in Pakistan. Asian Journal of Management Sciences and Education, 2 (3), 68–76. Available at: http://www.ajmse.leena-luna.co.jp/AJMSEPDFs/Vol.2(3)/AJMSE2013(2.3-07).pdf
Vishal, P., Kanji, S. M. (2014). Adjustment of Boys & Girls in School Level Students. The International Journal of Indian Psychology, 4 (80) 31–37.
Raju, M. V. R., Rahamtulla, T. K. (2007). Adjustment problems among school students. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology, 33 (1), 73–79.
Creswell, J. W (2005). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative approaches to research. Upper Saddle River: Merrill/Pearson Education.
Wipulanusat, W., Panuwatwanich, K., Stewart, R. A., Sunkpho, J.; Panuwatwanich, K., Ko, Ch. (Eds.) (2020). Applying mixed methods sequential explanatory design to innovation management. The 10th International Conference on Engineering, Project, and Production Management. Singapore: Springer, 485–495. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-1910-9_40
Tashakkori, A., Teddlie, C. (1998). Mixed methodology: Combining qualitative and quantitative approaches. Applied Social Research Methods Series. Vol. 46. Thousand Oaks: Sage.
Mason, M. (2010). Sample size and saturation in PhD Studies using qualitative interviews. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 11 (3). doi: http://doi.org/10.17169/fqs-11.3.1428
Andy (2009). Discovering statistics using SPSS. SAGE Publication Ltd.
Pallant, J. (2007). SPSS survival manual: A Step by step to data analysis using SPSS for windows (Version 15). Sydney: Allen and Unwin.
Copyright (c) 2022 Christine Mwajuma Opondo, Peter Jairo Odhiambo Aloka
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Our journal abides by the Creative Commons CC BY copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:
1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons CC BY, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.