Women participation in the informal economy: assessing the pattern of operations and challenges in post-COVID-19

Keywords: Informal economy, women, COVID-19, challenges, poverty, discrimination, casual employment, labour law, harassment, cultural stereotypes


The object of research: first, to understand the operational activities of women informal economy operators. Second, to highlight and discuss the challenges of women informal economy operators. Third, to understand the implication of post COVID-19 era for women informal economy operators.

Investigated problem: the dynamics, operations and level of activities of the informal economy and the extent of women involvement, the issues around the challenges women are exposed to as participants of the informal economy, the role and impact of the post COVID-19 on women informal economy operators.

The main scientific results: first, the operational activities of women informal economy operators include street-trading and hawking, casual employment, family business and home-based enterprises. Second, the challenges for women operators in the informal economy include health hazards, gender discrimination and harassment, institutional and social barriers, cultural stereotypes and constrictions to loans. Third, the implications of postCOVID-19 pandemic include liquidation of businesses, increased economic hardship and poverty and little or no State intervention through palliatives.

The area of practical use of the research results: ministry of labour and employment, trade unions, women organization, non-governmental organization (NGO’s), labour research institute, traders association, industrial court, labour professionals and advocates.


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Author Biography

Samson Adeoluwa Adewumi, Mangosuthu University of Technology

Department of Human Resource Management


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How to Cite
Adewumi, S. A. (2022). Women participation in the informal economy: assessing the pattern of operations and challenges in post-COVID-19. ScienceRise, (4), 12-24. https://doi.org/10.21303/2313-8416.2022.002716
Development of national economies