Gender discrepancy in economic participation: the case of young women in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Keywords: small business, female entrepreneurship, Small and Medium Enterprises, gender

Abstract

Given the patriarchal nature of the African society, females are often secondary. In patriarchal societies, men are viewed as forbearers of knowledge and hence dominate other considerations. A direct consequence therefore is structural discrimination of women, and small businesses are owned and managed by men. Youth unemployment is notably high in the Democratic Republic of Congo, and especially among females. Notably too, one critical factor that drives entrepreneurship start-ups is self-employment, often induced by unemployment. In patriarchal societies, not only are there few opportunities for women but also women face more constraints than their male counterparts. Inspired by the gap in the literature, this study utilizes the descriptive literature review approach to understand the problems, faced by young women when starting a business in Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of Congo. Understanding this theoretical premise and from the perspective of the explored population is important given the criticality of entrepreneurship to economic growth (including unemployment and poverty reduction). In addition, this study would contribute to strategic policy change for achieving productive entrepreneurship. Finally, this study flags research directions for steering necessary research towards productive entrepreneurship goals.

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Author Biographies

Darla Urmiche Diya Lipoko, Cape Peninsula University of Technology

Department of Entrepreneurship and Business Management

Chux Gervase Iwu, Cape Peninsula University of Technology

Department of Entrepreneurship and Business Management

Abdullah Promise Opute, GPROM Academic and Management Solutions

Department of Research

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Published
2021-11-30
How to Cite
Lipoko, D. U. D., Iwu, C. G., & Opute, A. P. (2021). Gender discrepancy in economic participation: the case of young women in the Democratic Republic of Congo. EUREKA: Social and Humanities, (6), 14-30. https://doi.org/10.21303/2504-5571.2021.002121
Section
Business, Management and Accounting