The scourge of gender-based violence (GBV) on women plaguing South Africa
Despite the existence of a constitutional legal framework, criminal sanctions to address violent behaviour by men are not enough. The killing of women by men has reached a disproportionate crescendo in South Africa. It is critical, that as a society we denounce the continuation of this trend and address the underlying causes of violent masculinity and physical abuse against women. Social norms, religious and traditional values, patriarchy, and gender relationships contribute to dominant notions of masculinity, which eventually undermine women's inalienable right of existence. Developing strategies to mitigate against intimate partner Gender-Based Violence is imperatively needed to curb these physical attacks on women. The purpose of this article is to highlight some forms and the causes of Gender-Based Violence, the impact of it, and with aim of finding lasting solutions to it. Some of the findings of the author are, first, religion has played a fundamental role to perpetuate gender-based Violence on women over time. Second, a clear understanding of different types of Gender-Based Violence is needed by both men and women in society before. Gender-Based Violence if not controlled and eliminated can lead to femicide as we have seen in South Africa in recent years. Third, more protective laws for women need to be properly implemented within our criminal justice process. Tougher and stiffer punishment for perpetrators of Gender-Based Violence is needed to curb the scourge of femicide, plaguing us in South Africa.
American Muslim Futures. Available at: https://www.americanmuslimfutures.com/main
Hammer, J. (2021). Gender-Based Violence and Moslem Communities. Traumatic Processing Through Art. Religious Studies News. Available at: https://rsn.aarweb.org/spotlight-on/teaching/trauma-informed-pedagogies/gender-based-violence-processing-trauma
Brandon, J. (2015). Gender-Based Violence in Religion. An Islamic Perspective on Violence Against Women. Women Studies Group.
Rickman, D. (2009). Does Judaism Discriminate Against Women? The Guardian. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/belief/2009/jun/10/judaism-women-feminism-orthodox
Burton, N. (2018). The Pros and Cons of Polygamy. Psychology Today. Available at: https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/hide-and-seek/201801/the-pros-and-cons-polygamy
McDermott, R., Cowden, J. (2015). Polygamy and Violence Against Women. Emory Law Journal, 64 (6), 1767–1814.
Mohd. Razif, N. H. (2019). The Changing Face of Polygamy in Contemporary Culture, Woolf Institute. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Free Online Encyclopedia. Available at: https://www.encyclopedia.com/ Last accessed: 12.12.2021
Raday, F. (2003). Culture, religion, and gender. International Journal of Constitutional Law, 1 (4), 663–715. doi: http://doi.org/10.1093/icon/1.4.663
Jewkes, R. (2002). Intimate partner violence: causes and prevention. The Lancet, 359 (9315), 1423–1429. doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(02)08357-5
Yesufu, S. (2017). The Reality of Crime and policing in South Africa. Cape Town. Reach Publishers.
Yesufu, S. (2020). Human Trafficking: A South African Perspective. Ebangi. Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 17 (6), 103–120.
Young, M., Wilmott, P. (1975). The Symmetrical Family. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Durkheim, E (1978). The Conjugal Family. Emile Durkheim on institutional Analysis. The University of Chicago Press, 229–239.
The Republic of South Africa National Strategic Plan On Gender-Based Violence & Femicide: Human Dignity, and Healing, Safety, Freedom & Equality in our Lifetime (2020). Pretoria: GCIS.
Walby, S. (1990). Women, Theory and Society: From Private to Public Patriarchy. Oxford: Blackwell.
Walby, S. (1997). Theorizing Patriarchy. Cambridge: Polity Press.
State v Baloyi. Constitutional Court of South Africa. Case CCT 29/99, 13–14.
Connell, R. (1987). Gender and Power Society, the Person, and Sexual Politics. Sydney and Stanford University Press, 334.
United Nations General Assembly A/ RES/48/104 (1994). Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against women.
Zara, G., Gino, S. (2018). Intimate Partner Violence and its Escalation Into Femicide. Frailty thy Name Is “Violence Against Women.” Frontiers in Psychology, 9. doi: http://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01777
Goldblatt, B. (2018). Violence Against Women in South: Constitutional Responses and Opportunities. Constitutional Triumphs, Constitutional Disappointments. Cambridge. Cambridge University Press, 141–173. doi: http://doi.org/10.1017/9781108233231.007
Johnson, A. (1997). The gender knot. Unraveling our Patriarchal Legitimacy. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 77.
Bloom, S. (2008). Violence Against Women and Girls. A compendium of Monitoring and Evaluation Indicators. Chapel Hill: Measure Evaluation.
The Domestic Violence Act 116 (1998). Available at: https://www.justice.gov.za/legislation/acts/1998-116.pdf
Jewkes, R., Martin, L., Penn-Kekana, L. (2002). The virgin cleansing myth: cases of child rape are not exotic. The Lancet, 359 (9307), 711. doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(02)07794-2
Radford, J., Russell, D. E. H. (1992). Femicide: The politics of woman killing. New York: Twayne.
Russell, D. E. H., Harmes, R. A. (2001). Femicide in global perspective. New York: Teachers College Press.
Kumar, R. P., Mishra, B. P. (2013). Honor Killings-A gross violation of Human rights & Its Challenges. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention, 2 (6), 24–29.
Kurkiala, M. (2003). Interpreting Honour Killings: The Story of Fadime Sahindal (1975-2002) in the Swedish Press. Anthropology Today, 19 (1), 6–7. doi: http://doi.org/10.1111/1467-8322.00157
Dworkin, A. (1973). Woman Hating. New York: Penguin Group.
Alhabib, S., Nur, U., Jones, R. (2009). Domestic Violence Against Women: Systematic Review of Prevalence Studies. Journal of Family Violence, 25 (4), 369–382. doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/s10896-009-9298-4
Merry, S. E. (2003). Constructing a Global Law-Violence against Women and the Human Rights System. Law & Social Inquiry, 28 (4), 941–977. doi: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-4469.2003.tb00828.x
Sideris, T. (2005). Post-apartheid South Africa- Gender, Rights and the Politics of recognition- Continuities in gender-based violence? Gender, Culture, and Rights, Agenda. Special Focus.
Mama, A., Melber, H., Nyamnjoh, F. B. (2001). Concluding reflections on beyond identities pertaining power in Africa. Identity and beyond, rethinking Africanity. Uppsala: Nordic Africa Institute.
Clark, B. (2021). Gender-based Violence and Covid19 in South Africa. Cape Town: Lexis Nexis.
South African Police Service Annual Crime Report 2016/2017.
South African Police Service Annual Crime Report 2013–2019.
Gender-Based Violence(GBV) In South Africa: A Brief Review (2016). Center for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation. Available at: https://www.csvr.org.za/pdf/Gender%20Based%20Violence%20in%20South%20Africa%20-%20A%20Brief%20Review.pdf
Meyiwa, T., Williamson, C., Maseti, T., Ntabanyane, G. M. (2017). A twenty-year review of policy landscape for gender-based violence in South Africa. Gender and Behaviour, 15 (2), 8607–8617.
Reiner, R. (2010). The Politics of the Police. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
👁 804 ⬇ 482
Copyright (c) 2022 Shaka Yesufu
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Our journal abides by the Creative Commons CC BY copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:
1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons CC BY, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.