EUREKA: Social and Humanities https://journal.eu-jr.eu/social <p align="justify"><strong>EUREKA: Social and Humanities&nbsp;</strong>– scientific journal whose main aim is to publish materials aimed at the study of society and human relations in society as well as economic relations. A distinctive feature of the manuscripts submitted to the journal, is the emphasis on the use of system analysis techniques, allows to see&nbsp;<strong><em>new discoveries at the intersection of different fields of knowledge.</em></strong></p> Scientific Route OÜ en-US EUREKA: Social and Humanities 2504-5563 <p style="text-align: justify;">Our journal abides by the <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Creative Commons CC BY</a> copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Creative Commons CC BY</a>, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.</p> The effect of performance management of strategy on an executive decision support framework for the financial service sector of a developing economy https://journal.eu-jr.eu/social/article/view/2705 <p>Strategic alignment from a performance perspective is difficult to achieve manually. Transparently aligning organizational strategy to each employee’s key performance indicators reduces the risk of duplication and redundancies in performances. Executive Decision Support Framework (EDSF) results in efficiency, cost reduction, and employee satisfaction when their performance is aligned with organizational goals on a continuous basis. This study posits that achieving optimum strategic alignment for the organization and reducing inefficiencies is a function of data and its ensuing analytics.</p> <p>This paper presents mathematical evidence to confirm that Performance Management of Strategy is integral to an Executive Decision Support Framework (EDSF).</p> <p>A mixed method research approach was followed where semi-structured interviews were held with Chief Information Officers. The semi-structured interviews formed the basis of survey design. The survey questionnaires were qualitatively analysed using structural equation modelling and the maximum likelihood estimates method, to mathematically prove Performance Management of Strategy is an integral part of Executive Decision Support Framework</p> <p>This research provides evidence that Performance Management of Strategy is integral to and must be contained in the Executive Decision Support Framework.</p> <p>Performance Management of Strategy is mathematically linked to an EDSF. Although Performance Management of Strategy comprises latent variables, there is a strong correlation between information quality and an EDSF.</p> Denisha Jairam-Owthar Visvanathan Naicker Bhuvan Unhelkar Copyright (c) 2022 Denisha Jairam-Owthar, Visvanathan Naicker, Bhuvan Unhelkar https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 6 3 14 10.21303/2504-5571.2022.002705 Comparative analysis of bank lending to non-financial corporations under the conditions of inflation targeting https://journal.eu-jr.eu/social/article/view/2559 <p>The influence of the interest policy of the National Bank of Ukraine on the dynamics of lending to non-financial corporations during the period of using the monetary regime of fixed exchange rate and inflation targeting is considered. It has been proven, that the use of the symmetric corridor of the interest policy of the National Bank of Ukraine has a negative effect on the volume of lending to non-financial corporations, since high rates on deposit certificates of the National Bank of Ukraine create a risk-free and highly profitable instrument for the placement of bank assets, which discourages lending to the real sector of the economy. The absence of a connection between the interest rate policy and the dynamics of the consumer price index and the money supply during the period of inflation targeting is substantiated, which made it possible to prove the low level of effectiveness of the chosen monetary regime.</p> <p><strong>The aim of the article</strong> is to study the problems of bank lending to non-financial corporations of Ukraine in the conditions of inflation targeting and to develop proposals for its stimulation, taking into account foreign experience.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong>. The methodological basis of the work is the dialectical method of cognition, the position of the theory of monetary policy and credit. The work uses methods of economic and mathematical statistics and methods of correlation analysis to analyze the features of lending to non-financial corporations and the impact of inflation targeting on the dynamics of bank lending; generalization methods for formulating research conclusions.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The monetary regime of inflation targeting is quite often recommended by the International Monetary Fund for implementation in countries with emerging markets as a basic set of central bank tools for regulating inflation and ensuring price stability. However, in conditions of import dependence of the national economies of countries with emerging markets, in addition to changes in the money supply and credit activity of banks, the dynamics of export-import operations and the volume of official reserve assets, which determine the level of the exchange rate, have a decisive influence on the dynamics of the consumer price index, and it, in turn, determines the level of prices for imported goods and services. Neglecting the non-monetary factors of supply inflation during the implementation of the interest policy leads to the limitation of bank lending to non-financial corporations, which in turn reduces the ability of enterprises to increase capital investments at the expense of bank loans, as well as to develop domestic production with high added value and to implement the policy of import substitution. Therefore, for this purpose, it is necessary to use the asymmetric corridor of the central bank's interest policy and stimulate targeted bank lending to non-financial corporations.</p> Volodymyr Korneev Volodymyr Antkiv Nataliia Kucherenko Copyright (c) 2022 Volodymyr Antkiv, Volodymyr Korneev, Nataliia Kucherenko https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 6 15 29 10.21303/2504-5571.2022.002559 The silence of black female voices in the course of learning english literature in South African secondary schools https://journal.eu-jr.eu/social/article/view/2661 <p>This article explores patriarchal supremacist content in English secondary school Literature in postcolonial South Africa. In the course of colonization and Bantu Education, South African women, particularly Blacks were excluded in matters of education. They did not only endure racial, sexist, cultural, and other gendered-based atrocities in their societies and homes, they also suffered politically, economically, and intellectually. That made them more apprehensive than white women. For millennia black women, in particular, were treated as nurturers, caregivers and homemakers who were regarded as weak and dependent. Much of what secondary school literature, read in English classes, is written by males and follows a male protagonist. If women texts are involved, women are [were] portrayed differently from males, viewed as less capable or less significant. Although SA democratic constitution (Chapter 2) prescribed that everyone has a right to expression, in which everyone shares human rights, such as equality and freedom; black South African women still experience inequalities and lack of resourcefulness in the academic literary world. While women are the broad targets of myriad inadequacies and appalling atrocities in SA and have tried to raise their plights scholastically through literary writings and movements, they are deprived of chances to share these experiences in the literature that is scholastically acknowledged in secondary school Literature. As a result, this study examined the gender representation in English texts, read in SA secondary school Literature, regarding women representation in English first additional language (EFAL) Literature set-works in post-apartheid South Africa from 2009-2019 using a quantitative approach. Black Feminism Theory, which advocates equal representation of sexes, undergirds this study.</p> Maletšema Ruth Emsley Malesela Edward Montle Copyright (c) 2022 Maletšema Ruth Emsley, Malesela Edward Montle https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 6 30 38 10.21303/2504-5571.2022.002661 Bloom’s taxonomy for the digital age student in a rural African context https://journal.eu-jr.eu/social/article/view/2472 <p>Bloom’s Taxonomy serves as an important guide for teachers in building their student’s cognition from low to high order thinking. This taxonomy has been widely implemented in face-to-face settings worldwide. With the increased use of technology and blended and online learning on the rise, there is a need for teachers to warm up to digital learning. Teachers must be innovative in using technology to improve the quality of education and its delivery. Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy serves as an updated original Bloom’s Taxonomy for designing technology-rich instruction for quality outcomes. This qualitative study explores the use of technology and digital tools to facilitate student learning experiences and outcomes in the modern era. The secondary data collected and analyzed was gathered from existing sources of information. The study recommends that for teachers to be proficient and achieve the best outcomes and add incentives for the students, there is a need to follow the utilization of Bloom’s Digital Taxonomy and consolidate innovation, following the application will get students closer to accomplishing their learning objectives. Teachers need support to prevent forestall disdain and advancement weariness. To conclude the Bloom Digital Taxonomy is well practised in classrooms, and teachers can rest assured that the students they produce will make a difference in this world through the skills they have accumulated during their schooling years.</p> Morakinyo Akintolu Ntandokamezi Dlamini Moeketsi Letseka Copyright (c) 2022 Morakinyo Akintolu, Ntandokamezi Dlamini, Moeketsi Letseka https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 6 39 47 10.21303/2504-5571.2022.002472 An intervention strategy to enhance technical vocational education and training entrepreneurship education lecturers’ knowledge of content and teaching https://journal.eu-jr.eu/social/article/view/2501 <p>The aim of this paper is to design an intervention strategy to enhance Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) entrepreneurship education (EE) lecturers’ knowledge of content and teaching. The objective of the study involved unpacking the literature regarding Pedagogical Content Knowledge or knowledge of content and teaching (KCT). The study adopted a critical emancipatory research (CER) paradigm, in which the criteria for quality were determined by advancing an agenda for equity, social justice, freedom, peace, and hope. A participatory action research (PAR) approach was chosen as an appropriate methodology because it provides for collaborative research, in which all participants contribute to the design of the framework. Regarding this study, it thus necessitated teamwork involving the teaching of entrepreneurship, which consisted of the lecturers, a parent representative, a head of department, two students, and a local entrepreneur. The data was generated and collected by means of discussions/formal meetings with team members. The data was analysed using van Djik critical discourse analysis (CDA). The findings reveal that Technical Vocational Education and Training college lecturers possessed poor knowledge of content and teaching. Therefore, there is a need for proactive intervention to improve the teaching of entrepreneurship.</p> Molefi Motsoeneng Nosihle Veronica Sithole Copyright (c) 2022 Molefi Motsoeneng, Nosihle Veronica Sithole https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 6 48 57 10.21303/2504-5571.2022.002501 The predictive influence of access factor on quality of secondary education in remote areas of Southwestern Nigeria https://journal.eu-jr.eu/social/article/view/2560 <p>The dichotomy in the distribution of educational opportunities across African countries has become a recurring phenomenon between rural and urban communities. However, the remote and rural communities seem to be bearing the brunt of uneven access to quality education than cities. Thus, improving access to quality education in remote areas where educational advantages are scarce or not available remains a great challenge in Nigeria. This study, therefore, investigated the influence of access factor (AF: Physical Access-PA and Economic Access-EA) on Quality of Secondary Education (QSE) in remote areas of Southwestern Nigeria (RASN). The study was located within a post-positivist paradigm that incorporated the convergent parallel design. The multi-level mixed methods sampling technique was adopted in selecting 467 secondary school graduates. Six participants for the Key Informant Interviews comprised three principals and three senior officials from the Teaching Service Commission and Ministry of Education from three selected states in Southwestern Nigeria. Secondary School Graduate Aptitude Test (SSGAT) and Secondary School Graduate Access Questionnaire (SSGAQ) instruments were used for data collection. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson Product Moment Correlation, while qualitative data were analyzed with content analysis. The access factor with physical access (67.3percent) and economic access (61.3percent) influenced QSE. The study concluded that enhancing access to QSE should be improved in RASN.</p> John Olayemi Okunlola Winston Hendricks Copyright (c) 2022 John Olayemi Okunlola, Winston Hendricks https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 6 58 71 10.21303/2504-5571.2022.002560 Building sustainable cities to address urban sprawl: a reflective analysis towards achieving SDGs https://journal.eu-jr.eu/social/article/view/2704 <p>The paper aims to evaluate the prospects of building a sustainable city to address urban sprawl in order to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 11. This paper&nbsp;focuses on SDG 11, which is concerned with making sustainable cities and communities. Its objective is to make cities and other populated areas more inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable in the long run. Examining some of the problems that impede the SDGs from being accomplished, urbanisation emerges as one of the most significant human endeavours, affecting the standard of urban living and its long-term development in most developing countries. In developing countries, many cities have been burdened with a new normal and culture of growth, driven by urban sprawl, which has led to the sustainable city strategy gaining popularity in recent years. Urbanisation is increasing at an unprecedented rate in many developing countries, threatening the&nbsp;achievement of SDGs&nbsp;due to the proliferation of urban sprawl. Currently, urban areas are home to over 50 % of the world’s population. It is projected, that by 2045 urban areas will be home to more 6 billion people. These have placed severe constraints on local governments, who should be developing sustainable cities and communities in response to urban development to fulfil SDG 11. This makes it impossible to achieve SDG 11 by the projected deadline of 2030. This paper argues that without fundamentally changing how cities are built, developed and populated, sustainability in urban areas cannot be realised. This paper suggests that adequate and ready policy and legislative frameworks are needed to promote sustainable development and prevent urban sprawl in cities.</p> Rakgadi Mangweta Ngoako J Mokoele Sakiel A Monama Copyright (c) 2022 Rakgadi Mangweta, Ngoako J Mokoele, Sakiel A Monama https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 6 72 78 10.21303/2504-5571.2022.002704 Political participation in the context of contemporary media: the case of refugees in Lithuania https://journal.eu-jr.eu/social/article/view/2706 <p>This study aims to explore how new communication technologies are transforming the nature of political participation and how social media platforms can create discourses of solidarity with migrants or confrontation with them. The objectives of the study are: to analyse the concept of political participation in the context of migration; to describe the role of new communication technologies in the decision-making process of the host society; and to show the role of social media in increasing refugee integration of migrants and solidarity with them. In order to explore the role of new communication technologies in the context of refugee integration, interviews are conducted with refugees living in Lithuania, whose unique experiences are analysed in the context of not only the role of new communication tools, but also political participation (e.g. citizenship, voting in the elections, meetings with local government representatives, etc.) in their host country.</p> <p>It should be mentioned, that new communication technologies enable migrants to participate in the communities they have left behind and to create new virtual communities that function as a mobilising instrument for migrants. The analysis of the dynamics between migrant integration and new communication technologies shows that digital technologies facilitate the integration of migrants in social, political, economic and cultural spheres. New technologies can help migrants to find information on rights, citizenship, local migrant support services, and overcome feelings of isolation by providing migrants with information. The results of the interview show that new technologies are very important for refugees, as they help to build networks of family and friends, support communities and create a sense of belonging in the host society. However, negative representations of refugees in social media also contribute to the difficulties refugees face during their integration.</p> Rūta Sutkutė Copyright (c) 2022 Rūta Sutkutė https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 6 79 91 10.21303/2504-5571.2022.002706 The use of e-government services by small businesses in municipalities https://journal.eu-jr.eu/social/article/view/2576 <p>The article aimed to investigate the role of e-government in improving the services, offered to small businesses in the City of Tshwane, which forms part of the Gauteng Province. The research method, used in the article, is qualitative. The data were gathered through literature review, and conceptual analysis was employed to analyse the data. The findings established that e-government services were often not considered suitable for some businesses, due to costs and technology access challenges. In addition, some provided services were found to not be of interest to some small businesses. Under agile accessibility, the focus is on ensuring that as many diverse entities as possible make use of different forms of technology and connectivity to gain access to e-government. Diverse user needs must also be captured by noting that governmental services affect population groups both far and wide. In the City of Tshwane case, low agility means that small businesses are generally not well catered for under current e-government systems. While the current study focussed solely on the City of Tshwane, an assessment of the broader Gauteng Province’s e-government efforts did help in gaining a better understanding of the larger political and administrative environment, within which e-government is set. It is, furthermore, necessary to comprehend that e-government has its challenges; thereby making improvement solutions imperative to filling the noted implementation gaps. This study, therefore, sought to further examine the e-government frameworks, institutions, and stakeholders with respect to their responsibilities in, with, and for small businesses</p> Babalwa Soga Shikha Vyas-Doorgapersad Copyright (c) 2022 Shikha Vyas-Doorgapersad, Babalwa Soga https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 6 92 104 10.21303/2504-5571.2022.002576 Public diplomacy and Nigeria’s response to its internal political crises https://journal.eu-jr.eu/social/article/view/2574 <p>Synonymous with Nigeria is a deep political cleavage, which causes major political issues to be violently contested along the lines of intricate ethnic, religious divisions. Although efforts have been made to change these narratives through political reengineering and public policy process, but all have failed to achieve the desired goal of national unity and security. Of what degree is the threats of internal crises to the existentiality of Nigeria? How best can the use of public diplomacy help mitigate the danger of Nigeria’s internal crises? Fundamentally, public diplomacy has the capability to transform a country’s socio-political and economic assets, while reversing the negative attitude of people towards these assets if handled very well. Using relational theory, the conflicts and hostility towards others is explained in relation to socio-economic, political, cultural, and religious intolerance amongst the ethnic groups that make up Nigeria. The findings shows that the inability of Nigeria leaders to put the interests of the diversity of Nigeria first and respect the sensibilities of a fragile nation grasping for survival is the worst political crime, ever committed against the country. Concluding that inclusive collaboration and not unhealthy socio-economic and political competition would bring the ethnic groups in Nigerians closer than ever before.</p> Toyin Cotties Adetiba Copyright (c) 2022 Toyin Cotties Adetiba https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 6 105 118 10.21303/2504-5571.2022.002574