EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE TECHNIQUE OF CREATION OF REFERENCE FIRE-FIGHTING LINES BY EXPLOSION OF SHELLS WITH A COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURE
About 40 thousand fires occur in Ukraine in natural ecosystems every year. Fires cause enormous damage to the environment, the population, and also the country's entire economy. Prevention and suppression of fires is one of the most relevant and most important tasks in Ukraine. To combat fires in natural ecosystems, such methods of fighting fires as the creation of reference fire-fighting lines are widely used. The results of an experiment on the creation of fire-fighting lines using an explosion of a single and double shell with a combustible mixture were carried out. To fill the shell, a stoichiometric mixture of acetylene with atmospheric pressure air was used. The shell was a plastic film 150 μm thick. During the experiment, the influence of the size (radius) of the shell and the number of lines on the width of the created reference fire-fighting lines, the distribution of the mass of vegetation along the shell with a combustible mixture before and after the explosion was studied.
The obtained results of the experiment showed that the vegetation removal degree along the charge axis to the vegetation cover after the explosion is 0.05. The dependences of the vegetation removal degree on the reduced energy per one meter of the line with a combustible mixture are obtained. It is calculated that in the experiment, the energy per linear meter of the line with the combustible mixture was 3.04 MJ/m, 6.6 MJ/m and 10.9 MJ/m for the line with a radius of 0.5 m, 0.65 m and 0.9 m, respectively.
The distribution of the vegetation removal degree was experimentally established, and based on the processing of the results obtained, dependencies were determined that made it possible to calculate the width of the reference fire-fighting line.
Karsai, I., Roland, B., Kampis, G. (2016). The effect of fire on an abstract forest ecosystem: An agent based study. Ecological Complexity, 28, 12–23. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecocom.2016.09.001
Hueso-González, P., Martínez-Murillo, J. F., Ruiz-Sinoga, J. D. (2018). Prescribed fire impacts on soil properties, overland flow and sediment transport in a Mediterranean forest: A 5 year study. Science of The Total Environment, 636, 1480–1489. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.05.004
Zheng, L., Quan, W. (2011). Experimental Study of Explosive Water Mist Extinguishing Fire. Procedia Engineering, 11, 258–267. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2011.04.655
Kaimart, P. (2007). Pаt. No. 20080289831 US. Fire extinguishing device. No. 11/802,793; declareted: 25.05.2007; published: 27.11.2008, Bul. No. 13.
Grishin, A. M., Zima, V. P. (2011). Pat. No. 2458716 RF. Kombinirovanniy sposob lokalizatsii i tusheniya nizovyh lesnyh i stepnyh pozharov. MPK A62C 3/02. No. 2011110659/12; declareted: 21.03.2011; published: 20.08.2012, Bul. No. 23, 9.
Grishin, A. M., Filkov, A. I. (2011). A deterministic-probabilistic system for predicting forest fire hazard. Fire Safety Journal, 46 (1-2), 56–62. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.firesaf.2010.09.002
Dubinin, D., Korytchenko, K., Lisnyak, A., Hrytsyna, I., Trigub, V. (2017). Numerical simulation of the creation of a fire fighting barrier using an explosion of a combustible charge. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 6 (10 (90)), 11–16. doi: https://doi.org/10.15587/1729-4061.2017.114504
Dubinin, D. P., Korytchenko, K. V. (2014). Issledovanie shiriny protivopozharnogo bar'era, sozdavaemogo vzryvom toplivovozdushnyh zaryadov. Chrezvychaynye situatsii: obrazovanie i nauka, 9 (1), 21–25.
Wen, J. X., Heidari, A., Ferraris, S., Tam, V. H. Y. (2011). Numerical simulation of propane detonation in medium and large scale geometries. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 24 (2), 187–193. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlp.2010.12.001
NAPB A.01.002-2004. Pravyla pozhezhnoi bezpeky v lisakh Ukrainy (2004). Kyiv: Derzhkomlishosp Ukrainy, 50.
Copyright (c) 2019 Dmytro Dubinin, Oleksandr Pirohov, Yuliia Bezuhla
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Our journal abides by the Creative Commons CC BY copyright rights and permissions for open access journals.
Authors, who are published in this journal, agree to the following conditions:
1. The authors reserve the right to authorship of the work and pass the first publication right of this work to the journal under the terms of a Creative Commons CC BY, which allows others to freely distribute the published research with the obligatory reference to the authors of the original work and the first publication of the work in this journal.
2. The authors have the right to conclude separate supplement agreements that relate to non-exclusive work distribution in the form in which it has been published by the journal (for example, to upload the work to the online storage of the journal or publish it as part of a monograph), provided that the reference to the first publication of the work in this journal is included.