MANUFACTURING OF ACTIVATED CARBON USING DISPOSABLE COCONUT SHELLS FOR CATALYTIC ACTIVITIES AND WATER TREATMENT UTILIZATIONS

Keywords: Coconut shells, Activated carbon, Manufacturing, Compositional analysis, Industrial utilizations

Abstract

Activated carbon is a black color solid compound which is fabricated using naturally occurring materials such as woods and species of coal that composed of the majority in carbon. The activated carbon is highly remarkable compound in the catalytic activities in most of chemical industries and water treatment activities because of the significant performances of such activated carbon due to the sufficiency of the surface property which is called as the adsorption with the couple of high porosity. The manufacturing of activated carbon from disposable coconut shells and the investigations of the physic-chemical characteristics of such activated carbon were the expectances of the existing research. Domestically collected coconut shells were burnt in the range of different temperatures 390°C–300°C after removing unnecessary constituents. The chemical composition of the powdered activated carbon was inspected using an X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrophotometer and the surfaces of prepared activated carbon were examined using an optical microscope. As the outcomes of the above experiments, it seems that the most adequate burning temperature for the manufacturing of that batch of coconut shells was in the range of 330°C–350°C, 68.85% of ferrous and 31.15% of potassium as the composed metallic element apart from the non metallic carbon and the pure black color non- composite surfaces were observed under the microscopic studies. It is encouraged to develop this production using cost effective materials such as the shells of fesults which are belonging to the palm cast while utilizing the productions through the various applications in chemical industries

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Author Biographies

Suresh Aluvihara, University of Peradeniya

Postgraduate Scholar

Department of Chemical and Process Engineering

C.S. Kalpage, University of Peradeniya

Senior Lecturer

Department of Chemical and Process Engineering

P.W.S.K. Bandaranayake, University of Peradeniya

Senior Lecturer

Department of Physics

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Published
2020-11-30
How to Cite
Aluvihara, S., Kalpage, C., & Bandaranayake, P. (2020). MANUFACTURING OF ACTIVATED CARBON USING DISPOSABLE COCONUT SHELLS FOR CATALYTIC ACTIVITIES AND WATER TREATMENT UTILIZATIONS. Technology Transfer: Fundamental Principles and Innovative Technical Solutions, 6-9. https://doi.org/10.21303/2585-6847.2020.001537
Section
Chemical Engineering