STUDY OF POSSIBILITIES OF JOINT APPLICATION OF PARETO ANALYSIS AND RISK ANALYSIS DURING CORRECTIVE ACTIONS
Continuous improvement in the quality management system is based on corrective action. Corrective actions require the identification of priority defects that require priority elimination of the causes of occurrence. The traditional method of prioritization can be considered a Pareto chart, built by the number of identified inconsistencies. This technique makes it possible to prioritize the most frequently detected defects. However, defects that are rare can significantly outweigh those that are often encountered in their consequences. The defect risk is a complex indicator that simultaneously takes into account both the number of detected defects and their impact.
Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) can be used to quantify risk. This technique allows to determine the risk priority number (RPN), taking into account the number of detected defects (O), the consequences of the appearance of a defect (S) and the possibility of timely detection of a defect or cause before the onset of undesirable consequences (D). The priority number of risks numerically characterizes the risks of a defect and can be used as a criterion for determining priority defects. Based on the values of the priority number of risks, a Pareto chart can be built and defects that form 80% of the risk area can be identified. These defects require urgent corrective action.
According to the data taken from production, it is shown that the Pareto analysis by the priority number of risks gives results that differ from the analysis by the number of identified inconsistencies. Application of the proposed approach will allow introducing risk-oriented methods into the procedures for carrying out corrective actions. This will make it possible to direct the resources of the enterprise to eliminate the causes of defects that are actually detected and can have the most significant consequences for consumers of products
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