ESTABLISHING THE ROTATION SPEED VARIATION RANGE LIMITS FOR AUTO-EXCITATION OF SELF-OSCILLATING GRINDING IN A TUMBLING MILL
The influence of the structure of a two-fraction polygranular feed of the chamber on the value of the drum rotation speed at auto-excitation of self-excited oscillations with a maximum swing is considered. Such a pulsating mode of movement of the charge is used in the self-oscillating process of grinding in a tumbling mill. The coarse fraction simulated the grinding bodies was steel bullets with a relative size ψdb=0.026. The fine fraction, simulated the particles of the crushed material, was a cement clinker with a relative particle size ψdm=0.00013. Variable factors of experimental studies were: the degree of filling the chamber in the state of rest κbr=0.25; 0.29; 0.33 and the degree of filling the gaps between the particles of the coarse fraction with particles of the fine fraction κmbgr=0.0625; 0.375; 0.6875; 1. The method of visual analysis of transient processes of self-oscillating modes of feed behavior in the cross section of the rotating drum chamber is applied. Measurements of the speed limits of the drum rotation were carried out with auto-excitation of self-oscillations of the filling. The magnitude of the self-oscillation swing was estimated by the increase in the difference between the maximum and minimum values of the filling dilatancy for one period of pulsations. An increase in the upper limit of the speed range ψω2 with a decrease in κbr and κmbgr was established. The growth rate of ψω2 increases at low values of κbr and κmbgr. Some increase in the lower limit of the ψω1 range with a decrease in κbr and κmbgr was revealed. An increase in the range of speeds of rotation was recorded at the maximum range of self-oscillations ψω1–ψω2 with a decrease in the connected interaction of the intra-mill filling. This coherent interaction is due to an increase in κbr and κmbgr. The value of the ψω1–ψω2 range varies from 1.01–1.03 at κbr=0.33 and κmbg=1 to 1.22–1.66 at κbr=0.25 and κmbgr=0.0625. The range gets its maximum value with fine and superfine grinding
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