FORECASTING THE BURDENED COURSE OF SURGERIES AND EARLY POSTOPERATIVE PERIOD IN PATIENTS WITH PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS ON THE BASIS OF DENSITOMETRIC ANALYSIS OF PREOPERATIVE COMPUTER TOMOGRAPHY OF CHEST ORGANS
Topicality – the success of the use of densitotometry in computed tomography of the lungs to assess the condition of the lungs prompted to determine the possibility of predicting the course of the disease in the surgical treatment of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis.
The aim – to determine densitometric criteria for prognosis of burdened intra- and postoperative course in patients operated on for pulmonary tuberculosis.
Methods – the analysis of preoperative densitometry indices in CT of the lungs in the upper and lower pulmonary fields on the side of the operation in 40 patients operated on for chemoresistant pulmonary tuberculosis with a burdened intra- and postoperative period and the effect of densitometric abnormalities on intra-operative period.
Results – in all examined patients the deviation of values of densitometry from conditional norm was revealed. In most patients with high parenchymal density there was obliteration of the pleural cavity and between the lobular fissures, fibrous changes in the root of the lung, with low density in most cases there was bleeding and insufficient tightness of the parenchymal suture, which together aggravates the early postoperative period.
Conclusions – the relationship between deviations in the density of the lung parenchyma before surgery and the possibility of aggravating factors in the process of surgical treatment of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis was discovered; it was determined that predicting the occurrence of certain aggravating factors in the process of surgical treatment of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis can help prevent complications of the operation or significantly reduce their manifestations.
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