Studies on competence in a multinational environment

Keywords: competence, language awareness, culture, sociocultural, multicultural, interaction, communication, differences, cultural competence, linguistic


In today's multicultural world and at the age of globalization it goes without saying that possessing language skills, intercultural competence, cultural intelligence, knowledge, skills, mindset, awareness and other essential skills, attitudes and competencies for effective communication is imperative. The article introduces the basic concept of competences, supporting and emphasizing the importance of linguistic and cultural competence with examples. The aim of this paper is to describe the process of the development of sociocultural competence and its components based on the analysis of many sources in the international literature. In the first part of the study, social, cultural, and linguistic competencies, as well as their diversity are analysed. Cultural diversity is underpinned by a variety of factors, including age, disability, ethnicity, gender identity, origin, race, religion, and gender, among others. Conceptual definitions of culture are also presented. We also deal with linguistic diversity that accompanies cultural diversity. The analysis of language, culture, and communication follows a brief description of communication competence. Cultural and linguistic competence is vital, as today peoples and nations are intensely intermingled, living in the same society and interacting in the workplace, so the problem of developing socio-cultural competence is currently of particular importance. The developed socio-cultural competence guarantees effective communication between cultures, i.e. proper interaction with representatives of other cultures. At the end conclusions are drawn and recommendations are made.


Download data is not yet available.


Veresné Valentinyi, K., Damokos, K., Farkas Bede, K., Zöldi Kovács, K.; Miklós, M. (Ed.) (2004). Nem nagyon értek, de nagyon törekszek: Interkulturális kommunikáció. Lingua. Budapest: BKÁE, 101–118.

Safina, M. S. (2014). Formation of Socio-cultural Competence in Foreign Language Teaching. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 136, 80–83. doi:

Nordquist, R. (2017). Linguistic Competence: Definition and Examples. Available at: Last accessed: 13.04.2018

Risager, K. (2007). Language and Culture Pedagogy: From a National to a Transnational Paradigm. Clevdon: Multilingual Matters, 288. doi:

Ward, M., Ward, C. (2003). Promoting cross-cultural competence in pre-service teachers through second language use. Education, 123 (3), 532–537.

Brooks, N.; Heusinkveld, P. R. (Ed.) (1997). Teaching Culture in the Foreign Language Classroom in Pathways to Culture. Yarmouth: Intercultural Press.

Byram, M.; Sercu, L. (Ed.) (1995). Acquiring intercultural competence. A review of learning theories. Intercultural Competence. The Secondary School. Vol I. Aalborg: Aalborg University Press, 53–69.

Saville-Troike, M. (2003). The Ethnography of Communication. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Schulz, R. A. (2007). The Challenge of Assessing Cultural Understanding in the Context of Foreign Language Instruction. Foreign Language Annals, 40 (1), 9–26. doi:

Hymes, D.; Pride, J. B., Holmes, J. (Eds.) (1972). On Communicative Competence. Sociolinguistics. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.

Jensen, A.; Jensen, A., Jaeger, K., Lorentsen, A. (Eds.) (1995). Defining Intercultural Competence for the adult learner. Intercultural competence: A new challenge for language teachers and trainers in Europe. Aalborg: Aalborg University.

Sercu, L.; Sercu, L., Bandura, E., Castro, P., Davcheva, L., Laskaridou, C., Lunagren, U. et. al. (Eds.) (2005). Teaching Foreign Languages in an Intercultural World. Foreign Language Teachers and Intercultural Competence: An Intercultural Investigation. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters LTD.

Canale, M.; Richards, J. C., Schmidt, R. (Eds.) (1983). From Communicative Competence to Communicative Language Pedagogy. Language and Communication. London: Longman, 2–14.

Canale, M., Swain, M. (1980). Theoretical bases of communicative approaches to second language teaching and testing. Applied Linguistics, 1 (1), 1–47. doi:

Tseng, Y.-H. (2002). A lesson in culture. ELT Journal, 56 (1), 11–21. doi:

Nault, D. (2006). Going Global: Rethinking Culture Teaching in ELT Contexts. Language, Culture and Curriculum, 19 (3), 314–328. doi:

Hoar, S. (2018). Cultural competence.

Murphy, E. (1988). The cultural dimension in foreign language teaching: Four models. Language, Culture and Curriculum, 1 (2), 147–163. doi:

Chia-Lin, H. (2018) Language and Culture in Foreign Language Teaching. Available at: Last accessed: 13 April 2018

Watson, J. R. (2018). The Role of Language Proficiency in Cross-cultural Competence (3C): A Fundamental Key to Intercultural Effectiveness in Military Personnel. Available at:

👁 111
⬇ 149
How to Cite
Varga, E., Enkhjav, T., & Szira, Z. (2021). Studies on competence in a multinational environment . Technology Transfer: Innovative Solutions in Social Sciences and Humanities, 41-43.