Holistic assessment of competitiveness of Bulgarian farming enterprises

Keywords: competitiveness, pillars, indicators, farming enterprises, assessment, EU CAP, agriculture, Bulgaria


The problem of determining the level of competitiveness of various economic organizations is among the most topical academic and practical issues. However, there is no widely accepted and comprehensive framework for understanding and assessing the competitiveness of farming enterprises in different market, economic, institutional and natural environments. This presentation suggests and applies a holistic approach for assessing the competitiveness of Bulgarian farms as a whole and different specializations. This novel framework includes appropriate criteria, indicators and reference values for the four pillars of farm competitiveness – Economics efficiency, Financial endowment, Adaptability and Sustainability. The multi-criteria assessment of farm competitiveness in Bulgaria has found that the level of competitiveness of farms is at a good level, with low adaptive potential and economic efficiency, to the greatest extent contributing to lower competitiveness. More than a third of all farms in the country has a low level of competitiveness. The most competitive are the farms in the beekeeping, followed by field crops, mixed livestock and crop productions, and the lowest in grazing livestock. The proposed approach should be improved and applied more widely and periodically, increasing accuracy and representativeness.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Hrabrin Bachev, Institute of Agricultural Economics

Department of Agrarian Organisation

Nina Koteva, Institute of Agricultural Economics

Department of Agrarian Organisation


Alam, S., Munizu, M., Munir, A. R., Pono, M., Kadir, A. R. O. (2020). Development Model of Competitiveness of Chicken Farm SMEs in Sidrap Regency, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. ESPACIOS, 41 (10), 23.

Berti, G., Mulligan, C. (2016). Competitiveness of Small Farms and Innovative Food Supply Chains: The Role of Food Hubs in Creating Sustainable Regional and Local Food Systems. Sustainability, 8 (7), 616. doi: http://doi.org/10.3390/su8070616

Latruffe, L. (2013). Competitiveness in the agricultural sector: measures and determinants. Farm Policy Journal, 11 (3), 9–17.

Ngenoh, E., Kurgat, B. K., Bett, H. K., Kebede, S. W., Bokelmann, W. (2019). Determinants of the competitiveness of smallholder African indigenous vegetable farmers in high-value agro-food chains in Kenya: A multivariate probit regression analysis. Agricultural and Food Economics, 7 (1). doi: http://doi.org/10.1186/s40100-019-0122-z

Orłowska, M. (2019). Competitiveness of PolIish Organic Farms with Different Economic Size in Light of Fadn Data. Annals of the Polish Association of Agricultural and Agribusiness Economists, XXI (2), 217–224. doi: http://doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0013.2074

Kleinhanss, W. (2020). Competitiveness of the Main Farming Types in Germany. 20th International Farm Management Congress. IFMA, 1.

Krisciukaitiene, I., R. Melnikiene, A. Galnaityte (2020): Competitiveness of Lithuanian farms and their agriculture production from present to medium – term perspectives. IAE, 145–164.

Nowak, A. (2016). Regional Differences in the Competitiveness of Farms in Poland. Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development, 41 (3), 345–354. doi: http://doi.org/10.17306/jard.2016.62

Ziętara, W., Adamski, M. (2018). Competitiveness of the polish dairy farms at the background of farms from selected european union countries. Problems of Agricultural Economics, 354 (1), 56–79. doi: http://doi.org/10.30858/zer/89615

International Competitiveness of 'Typical' Dairy Farms (2010). FAO.

Marques, P. R., Barcellos, J. O. J., Dill, M. D., Dias, E. A., Azevedo, E. V. T., Lampert, V. do N., McManus, C. M. (2014). Competitiveness levels in cattle herd farms. Ciência Rural, 45 (3), 480–484. doi: http://doi.org/10.1590/0103-8478cr20140401

Oktariani, A., Daryanto, A., Fahmi, I. (2016). The competitiveness of dairy farmers based fresh milk marketing on agro-tourism. International Journal of Animal Health and Livestock Production Research, 2 (1), 18–38.

NOWAK, A., KRUKOWSKI, A. (2019). Competitiveness of farms in new European Union member states. Agronomy Science, 74 (2), 73–80. doi: http://doi.org/10.24326/as.2019.2.7

Bachev, H. (2010). Management of Farm Contracts and Competitiveness, VDM Verlag Dr. Muller.

Aleksiev, A. (2012). Konkurentni vzmozhnosti na zrneniia sektor. AU-Plovdiv.

Bashev, Kh. (2010). Otsenka na konkurentosposobnostta na blgarskite fermi. Ikonomika i upravlenie na selskoto stopanstvo, 6, 11–26.

Ivanov, B., Popov, R., Bashev, Kh., Koteva, N., Malamova, N., Chopeva, M. et. al. (2020). Analiz na sstoianieto na selskoto stopanstvo i KHVP. IAI.

Koteva, N., Bashev, Kh. (2010). Podkhod za otsenka na konkurentosposobnostta na zemedelskite stopanstva. Ikonomika i upravlenie na selskoto stopanstvo, 1, 32–43.

Koteva, N., Bashev, Kh. (2011). Izsledvane na konkurentosposobnostta na zemedelskite stopanstva v Blgariia. Ikonomicheska misl, 5, 34–63.

Koteva, N. (2016). Razvitie i konkurentosposobnost na zemedelskite stopanstva v Blgariia v usloviiata na OSP na ES. Avangard Prima, S., 180.

👁 19
⬇ 13
How to Cite
Bachev, H., & Koteva, N. (2021). Holistic assessment of competitiveness of Bulgarian farming enterprises. Technology Transfer: Innovative Solutions in Social Sciences and Humanities, 3-8. https://doi.org/10.21303/2613-5647.2021.001746
Business, management and accounting